To describe objects in Spanish, you will need to know how to say color names. Learning a core vocabulary of basic colors will give you a good foundation.
Basic Color Words in Spanish
A basic vocabulary of common colors in Spanish is necessary to describe many objects in daily life. You can have a green, red or black book: "el libro verde," "el libro rojo" or "el libro negro." You might have a white, gray or brown dog: "el perro blanco," "el perro gris" or "el perro café." You could also have a blue, yellow, purple or orange hat: "el sombrero azul," "el sombrero amarillo," "el sombrero morado" or "el sombrero anaranjado." These basic color words -- "verde," or green; "rojo," or red; "negro," or black; "blanco," or white; "gris," or gray; "café," or brown; "azul," or blue; "amarillo," or yellow; "morado," or purple; and "anaranjado," or orange -- are a good starting point for color words in Spanish. If you want to describe different intensities of color, such as "light" and "dark," you can use "oscuro" and "claro," respectively.
Spanish Color Word Grammar
Colors describe nouns as adjectives in Spanish and should generally be placed after the nouns they modify. Like all Spanish adjectives, colors must agree with the noun in gender and number. For example, "gato blanco" means "white cat," where "gato" and "blanco" are male, while "mesa roja" means "red table," where "mesa" and "roja" are female. In addition, "coche verde" means "green car," which is singular, while "coches verdes" means "green cars," plural.
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