How to Dig your Pond Deep Enough

Save

The depth of your pond is critical to fish and plant health. If you have a shallow pond, your water lilies and fish will get too hot. If your pond is too shallow in colder climates, it can freeze solid and kill all occupants. Digging the sides straight down rather than with shelves for plants makes less surface for the sun to hit and therefore cuts down on algae growth.

Things You'll Need

  • A shovel
  • • A tape measure
  • • What your freeze line is where you live.

Digging your pond

  • Call or contact your local extension service to find the freeze line. Dig your pond deeper than your freeze line or it will freeze solid in the winter

  • After you have marked the boundaries of your pond, start digging. Start digging in the middle and throw the soil out of the pond about 2 feet past the edge of your pond.

  • Dig the edges last. Do not step on the edges because if they break, you will need to make them strong with roofing flashing or some other sturdy material that will hold the wall up so it does not collapse under the weight of the rocks that will go there as you complete building your pond.

  • Measure and make sure you are deeper than your freeze line by at least a foot. Your fish will stay there in the winter, in torpor, and live through the winter with no problem. You must keep a hole open in the ice so gases can be exchanged. Your fish, even though almost in suspended animation, still need to breathe.

  • When you reach the necessary depth, flatten the bottom, remove all sticks, shells, roots or other sharp objects from the bottom so it is as smooth as you can get it.

Tips & Warnings

  • If you live where it does not freeze or rarely freezes, dig your pond 18" deep. If you have koi, dig your pond at least 2 1/2' to 3' deep if you can. If you hit water, stop there.
  • Digging a sump at one end of your pond will make it easier to clean when the time comes. You can sweep all the debris into the sump and vacuum it out easily.
  • Do not dig your pond so the sides slope like a bowl. You will slip and fall in each time you try to step in the pond.

Related Searches

Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

Resources

You May Also Like

  • Facts on Digging a Farm Pond

    Building a pond on your farm can be a satisfying project that leads to years of enjoyment for you and your family....

  • How Deep Is Too Deep for a Farm Pond?

    There is no single answer to this question. Depth of a farm pond depends on several factors such as the intended use...

  • How to Dig a Hole for a Pool

    You can save money by digging the hole for your pool yourself, but you need earth-moving equipment, the exact measurements of your...

  • How to Keep a Backyard Pond From Freezing

    A backyard pond in winter creates extra work if you live in northern climates. Expanding ice rips pond liners, cracks concrete and...

  • How to Build Ohio Farm Ponds

    Digging a farm pond can be a fulfilling project that affords the luxury of fishing, swimming, and wildlife observation, all on your...

  • How Deep Should a Fish Pond Be?

    An outdoor fish pond is an attractive addition to any backyard landscape. While building your own fish pond might seem challenging, research...

Related Searches

Check It Out

22 DIY Ways to Update Your Home on a Small Budget

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!