Writing a book review for an academic journal is a great way to start getting publications on your CV. You should follow certain general guidelines, especially if you are writing a review for the first time, as a graduate student or even as an undergrad.
Things You'll Need
- Invitation to review the book
- Copy of the book
How to Write an Academic Book Review
Select a journal within your field of expertise, hopefully one you have read throughout your academic career.
Do not write a book review on spec. Most academic journals solicit their book reviews from people acquainted with the editors or from those who request to write a review. Your first order of business, then, is to draft a letter of inquiry, stating your background and that you would be interested in writing a review for the journal. If there is a new book you would like to discuss, feel free to ask. For the most part, however, editors will send you a book that they need to have reviewed.
While reading, it is important not only to take notes about the book's content, arguments and data sets but also to know how the book tries to contribute to the current scholarship. With what other trends and/or authors does it argue? What methodologies does it use (or change)? How original is the work? How successfully does it make its arguments?
When writing the review, pay attention to the journal's guidelines for review formatting. If the editors did not provide you with a format sheet, read a number of recent reviews in that journal to see how they work. Check for length, general use of quotations and relative balance of summary versus critique.
Do not summarize too broadly. As an academic reviewer, remember that you are writing for a very knowledgeable audience, particularly about the topic under discussion. You will not need to introduce every concept in the discipline, as you can assume that anyone interested in your review will already be familiar with the field.
Remember that most academic books are works of professional conversation and shared scholarship. Even if a book is personally irritating to you, your job as a reviewer is to introduce and evaluate the book for other professional scholars. Be charitable in your summary, taking the book on its own terms. When you introduce your own criticisms and reservations, articulate them in a way that other professionals will find helpful. Make suggestions about how the argument might have been improved, how the selection of primary and secondary sources could have been more effective or what other works might address the same topics in better ways.
Discuss clearly how the work might alter current scholarship, pointing in new directions or opening new fields of questioning. If you feel that the book is misguided, suggest how further scholarship might assist in overcoming its drawbacks.
Conclude with some advice on whether and how other scholars should use this book in their own research.
Tips & Warnings
- Avoid jargon. Even if the author uses specific disciplinary vocabulary, your review should present her argument in its most accessible terms.
- Do not attack an author personally. Especially if you are a young scholar speaking about a more established author, you do not want to make enemies, as someone somewhere (perhaps this author) will have to review your work as well.
- Never simply dismiss a book. No one will take your review seriously if you do not explain your reservations in terms of the book's relation (or lack thereof) to the wider discipline.
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