How to Build a Hydroponics System

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Hydroponics systems are used to grow plants in nutrient rich water. By installing a hydroponics system in conjunction with growth lights, you can grow healthy plants and grow them faster that you could in the ground.

Things You'll Need

  • Table
  • Ebb and flow trays
  • Water reservoir
  • Water pump
  • Timers
  • Opaque flexible tubing
  • Plant containers
  • Plastic mesh
  • Perlite growth medium
  • Hydroponics nutrients
  • Plants
  • Growth lights
  • Place the rubber reservoir buckets under a strong, sturdy table.

  • Install the fill and drain kit, then place it in the ebb and flow tray. The ebb and flow tray is the larger plastic tray that the individual plastic pots of each plant will grow in. Position it that so the overflow drain is above the reservoir container.

  • Put the water pump in the reservoir tank. Use flexible tubing to allow the water to travel to the ebb and flow tray. Some trays have a specific location where the tube connects, but otherwise just place it so it runs down in a corner to the water.

  • Set the timer on your water pump so it floods the ebb and flow tray at least twice a day and no more than five times a day.

  • Cut plastic mesh and put it in the bottom of each plastic pot. Fill the pots with the perlite and add the plants. Set them into place inside the ebb and flow tray.

  • Fill the reservoir with enough water to fill the ebb and flow tray, then add the nutrients to it. Use enough nutrients and water to saturate the perlite three times over. This amount should be included with the instructions. Flooding prevents salt buildup.

  • Place growth lights above the hydroponics system and turn them on and off in 12-hour shifts. You can use timers to make this easier.

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