How to Install Vinyl Tiles Over a Wood Floor

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It's time to replace those old vinyl tiles in your kitchen. If your house is older or has a crawl space beneath the floor, you may find a wood subfloor beneath those old vinyl tiles. Over time, the older tiles may begin to loosen from the floor or the seams of your subfloor may begin to show through the new tiles. These steps can help you install a beautiful vinyl floor that lasts for years.

Things You'll Need

  • Floor scraper
  • Floor sander
  • Fine grit sandpaper
  • 30 Pound sheathing
  • Utility knife
  • Spray Adhesive
  • Vacuum
  • Tack cloth
  • Remove the old tiles and scrape the subfloor with a floor scraper to remove any stubborn adhesive.

  • Smooth the surface of the subfloor using a floor sander and fine grit sandpaper. You can easily rent a floor sander at your local hardware store.

  • Clean the floor thoroughly using a vacuum and tack cloths. Make sure all the dust from the sanding has been cleaned away.

  • Roll out 30 pound sheathing and cut it to the length of the floor using a utility knife. Spray adhesive on both the sheathing and the floor. Wait a couple of minutes and then press the sheathing to the floor. Repeat this process until the entire floor is covered. This prevents the seams of the subfloor from appearing in the new tiles.

  • Clean the floor again of any dirt and debris.

  • Make a straight line in the center of the room using chalk string. This is your center line and where you begin to lay your tiles.

  • Peel the back off of the vinyl tile and lay it to the right or left of the line, making sure the side of the tile lies straight against the line. Now that you have your first tile stuck to the floor, the others can be placed off of this first one. Work your way left and right from the center of the room towards the walls until all tiles are stuck down.

Tips & Warnings

  • 30 pound sheathing is normally used in roofing projects but it serves the same purpose here. When purchasing the sheathing, you can find it in the roofing department of your local hardware store.
  • Use a utility knife to cut the tiles to fit in tight places or around objects such as molding or cabinets.
  • Don't cut tiles on top of the ones you've already lain, you may end up cutting into your new floor.

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