How to Grow Grapes for Wine

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To produce good wine, you must first produce high quality grapes. Although growing wine grapes can be a challenge, the results are often worth the effort. If you are interested in creating your own vineyard, just follow these steps to grow grapes for wine.

  • Determine if you live in an appropriate climate. Grapes grow best in areas with warm, dry summers and mild winters. Grapevines will die if winters are too cold for a long period of time, yet they do need a period of winter dormancy. Very humid conditions may cause diseases. The growing season must be long enough for grapes to mature adequately.

  • Choose a spot to plant your grapevines. The plants will thrive on ground that slopes to the south or southwest, as they will receive more sunlight. Avoid planting near trees--you don't want your plants to be shaded from the sun. The soil should allow for good drainage so the roots aren't continually saturated in water.

  • Decide which types of grapes you want to use. Red and white wines are usually produced by different types of grapes. Some wines are made from a blend of different grapes.

  • Provide support for your grapevines. A training or trellising system of the appropriate height and strength will keep the fruit up off the ground.

  • Turn the grapes into wine. You can either sell your grapes to a local winery or produce the wine yourself. Whichever method you choose, be prepared with the necessary equipment.

  • Prune your plants during the winter months. Proper pruning encourages the growth of higher-quality grapes.

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