How to Vaccinate a Sheep

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How to Vaccinate a Sheep. Vaccines protect the sheep against bacteria and virus infections or diseases. They help the body's immune system develop antibodies to reduce the occurrence of certain types of illness. Vaccinate sheep according to known information about a particular disease and always impose sanitary living or breeding conditions. Vaccinate with care.

Things You'll Need

  • Vaccine
  • Notebook
  • Syringe
  • Needles
  • Disinfectant
  • Alcohol
  • Refrigerator

Read the vaccine label's instructions for when and how to administer to the sheep. Three methods for vaccinations includes under the skin (recommended), in the muscle and topically.

Write down the lot number on the vaccine's bottle, date of use and reason for application. Record keeping in a notebook helps track vital information, especially for vaccines given during a particular time of year or follow-up booster shots.

Obtain a syringe with 18 gauge needles, 5/8 inches in length. This size handles most injections with the option of 1/2 to 3/4 inch, 16 or 17 gauges.

Use a disinfectant to sterilize the syringe making sure to rinse well. Use only sterile needles. Disposable syringes and needles offer the best protection against contamination.

Select an injection location either on the side of the neck or at the lower area of the rib cage directly behind the front leg's armpit.

Clean the vaccination area with alcohol and administer the needle under the skin unless stated otherwise on the label.

Store unused medicine at recommended temperatures located on the label, typically refrigeration.

Tips & Warnings

  • Inject vaccine under the skin for lambs, if possible. Their muscle tissue is small leading to possible damage to the muscle.
  • Always vaccinate with sterile needles and syringes.
  • Change dropped needles immediately if on the ground or contaminated.
  • Live vaccines, such as toxoplasmosis need extra precautions when handling. Wear gloves and eye protection.
  • Never inject a needled into the loin or rear leg area.
  • Avoid vaccinating areas with caked dirt, manure stains or areas that are wet.
  • Don't use a needle to refill the syringe after injecting sheep with it. Withdraw the medicine with a sterile needle. Use the needle to inject no more than 20 sheep then discard.
  • Avoid accidentally injecting yourself.

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