How to Remove a Bunion. The technical term for a bunion is "hallux valgus," referring to an abnormality in the structure of the foot and toe that causes a potentially painful bone and joint deformity. Doctors suggest you first attempt to manage the condition using more conservative means before trying to remove the bunion. Read on to learn how to remove a bunion.
Things You'll Need
- Shoes recommended by your physician/podiatrist
Get a Bunion Removed
Understand that a surgical procedure is the only way to completely remove a bunion. A patient with a bunion is encouraged to turn to surgery only when the pain caused by the bunion is too severe to be managed, though some people choose to remove bunions for cosmetic reasons as well.
Consult a surgeon for an evaluation of your specific case. Surgical treatment of a bunion may involve the removal, realigning, straightening, shortening or repositioning of a number of bones, joints and/or toes.
Remember that your surgeon may recommend specific removal techniques appropriate to your age, your health, your level of physical fitness and significant lifestyle factors.
Choose your preferred method of anesthetic. A general or spinal anesthetic is sometimes used, though more and more surgeons are choosing local anesthetics for bunion removal procedures. You should inform your physician if you have ever had an adverse reaction to any type of anesthetic.
Schedule your surgery. You should anticipate a recovery period of about six and eight weeks.
Recover From Bunion Removal Surgery
Anticipate that you will likely need the aid of crutches to get around, especially in the first few weeks following the surgery.
Avoid any undue stress on your foot during the recovery period. Rest your foot at an elevated height as frequently as possible, as it will help reduce the post-surgical swelling you may experience.
Be sure to choose an appropriate new pair of shoes to wear once your recovery period has passed. Shoes with sharp, cramping points, shoes that are extremely narrow and footwear that is very tight should be avoided.
Report any unanticipated side effects or possible infections to your surgeons as soon as possible. Remember that all surgical procedures are performed at some degree of risk to the patient, and that no anesthetic is 100-percent safe for use in all people.