Orange trees are a wonderful addition to any yard. Full of lush color, healthy fruit and even providing nice low shade for a lazy afternoon, their uses are endless. While you most likely need to be in a warm Southern climate to grow them in America, you can also grow them in a large pot in your home for several years as well. Here are a few tips about how to plant orange trees!
Things You'll Need
Choose a location in your yard. Orange trees prefer full sun or as much sun as you can possibly provide in your yard. They will also thrive under the slight or partial shade of tall trees such as oak or evergreen. Also find soil in your yard that is arid and gritty. If such soil does not exist, add compost to help it drain better and thus become more arid.
Ready the site. Once you've found a location in your yard, ready the site. Make sure there are no weeds, tree stumps, large rocks or other debris that will impede the growth of your orange tree. Once such debris is removed, rake the area.
Moisten the roots. Assuming you've already purchased your orange tree, place it in a large bucket of water so that the roots will moisten. Leaving the tree in a bucket for about an hour will suffice.
Measure the planting site. To do this hold the tree upward and spread the roots out over the soil; this will let you know how large the hole has to be. It should be wide enough to encompass all of the roots.
Dig the hole. The depth of your hole should be in direct proportion to the depth of the soil that the orange tree has been sitting in its pot. The hole should be about 3 inches shorter, so that the potting soil is resting 3 inches above your yard soil.
Check the placement of the bud union. It should be above the soil level when placing the tree in its hole.
Fill in the soil. Do this so that the hole is half covered. Then pat the soil firmly to remove any air pockets. Then fill the rest of the hole with water. Allow that to settle and then fill in the rest of the hole with more dirt to complete planting.
Build a basin. Orange trees need plenty of water. Make sure you build a basin around the tree that holds about 10 gallons of water. This will act as a "catch" for the tree when it rains or is watered, to make sure it receives adequate water! Congratulations, you have just learned how to plant orange trees!
Tips & Warnings
- Different species of orange trees ripen at different times of the year. The following are some general schedules of how they ripen. Macetera ripens from February through June. Valencia ripens from March through June. Robertson Navel and Washington Navel ripen mid-November through early-March.
- It will take between 3 and 4 years for your orange tree to bear fruit.
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