How to Plant a Vegetable Garden

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Planting a vegetable garden outside your back door is a rewarding experience. By cultivating and planting your own garden, you can plant the vegetables you like and nurture them without pesticides or other harmful agents. If you have kids, you can teach them how to plant a vegetable garden and how to care for plants. At dinner time, your family will be rewarded with the freshest vegetables possible.

Things You'll Need

  • Seeds
  • Shovel or trowel
  • Ruler
  • Watering can
  • Seed markers
  • Rake
  • Kit to test pH of garden
  • Make a list of vegetables that you want to grow. Be sure that your list includes vegetables with various harvest seasons so that you have a constant supply of fresh veggies.

  • Map out your garden on paper. On your map, indicate where each vegetable will be planted in your garden. Place vegetables needing full sunlight in sunny areas. Vegetables needing less light should have some shade.

  • Prepare your soil by checking to be sure that the soil is loose and free of rocks. You can enhance your soil by adding organic matter, lime and some commercial fertilizer.

  • Dig your trenches for each row, but be sure to leave enough room so that you can walk between the rows without stepping on your plants.

  • Plant your seeds according to the instructions on the seed packet label. You may need to use a ruler to be sure that you are placing the seeds in the ground at the appropriate depth.

  • Cover the seeds with dirt carefully and then pat down the dirt to hold in the moisture.

  • Mark your seeds with a marker so you know where things are planted in the garden.

  • Monitor your garden and water according to the requirements for each individual plant.

Tips & Warnings

  • Allow approximately 20 inches between each row.
  • Consider donating some of your crop to the local food bank.
  • Weed your garden regularly.
  • Check the pH of your soil using a kit, which can be purchased at your local nursery. If you are having trouble with your plants, you may need to adjust the pH of the soil.
  • Don't work the soil if it is wet. Soil that is wet is not conducive to plowing or planting as the soil cakes together and is bad for young plants.
  • Avoid using pesticides if possible. Contact your local nursery for organic options. You can also use your hands to remove pests as you see them appear.

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