If you plan on adopting domestically, you have several different options. You can adopt a child who is living in foster care -- including your foster care -- or opt for an independent adoption, according to the National Adoption Center.
Independent and infant adoptions may involve closed or open processes. You don’t receive any identifying information about, or have contact with, the birth parents in a closed adoption. In an open adoption, you may meet the birth parents, talk to them on the phone or communicate through letters and pictures. Each state has its own guidelines governing domestic adoptions. These include who can adopt, what is needed to adopt and the how the process works.