Not that many years ago, making butter required a churn and plenty of elbow grease. Today, making butter is so easy that even young children can tackle the job with a little adult assistance. You may have access to raw cream if you have raise your own cows or if you live near a dairy or organic farm, but selling raw cream is illegal in many states. If this is the case, make butter with heavy cream or whipping cream, which are readily available in any supermarket.
Things You'll Need
- 1-quart glass jar with lid
- Mixing bowl
- Ice cubes
Remove the cream from the refrigerator and put it in a warm place such as a sunny window for two hours, or until the cream reaches a temperature of about 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Don't allow cream to sit at room temperature for more than two hours because bacteria develop quickly when cream isn't refrigerated.
Scrub a sturdy, 1-quart glass jar with hot, soapy water. Rinse the jar thoroughly, then dry it with a clean towel. Be sure the jar has a tightly fitting screw-on lid.
Fill the jar halfway to the top with cream, then tighten the lid securely.
Holding the jar securely in both hands, shake the cream rapidly up and down without stopping for 15 to 20 minutes. Watch as the butter begins to separate and form a ball. Shake the jar slowly when butter begins to form; otherwise, you'll make whipped cream instead of butter.
Open the jar and pour the thin buttermilk into a jar or glass as soon as the mass of butter stops gathering. The buttermilk is safe to drink.
Transfer the butter to a mixing bowl along with a small handful of ice cubes. Wash your hands thoroughly in hot, soapy water. As the ice melts, use your hands or a wooden spoon to work the cold water into the mass of butter until the butter is firm and cold and the water is clear. Discard the ice cubes and water.
Sprinkle salt lightly over the butter, then use your hands to work the salt into the butter until the salt is no longer visible.
Shape the butter into a ball, or into any shape you like. Put the butter on a plate and store it in the refrigerator.
Tips & Warnings
- If the butter doesn't begin to gather within 20 minutes, add a few drops of hot water to the mixture, then continue shaking.
- Dairy products are safest when they are pasteurized to kill disease-causing bacteria. Pasteurized milk also remains fresh longer. Pregnant women, infants and people with chronic illnesses or weakened immune systems should not drink raw, unpasteurized milk or cream.
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