How to Build a Couch Frame to Upholster

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Furniture making is one area of carpentry that has unfortunately been taken over by factories. Little do most home carpenters realize the simplicity involved in building a couch frame to upholster. In fact, any home carpenter with moderate building experience can make her own couch frame.

Things You'll Need

  • 2-by-4 solid oak or poplar boards
  • Tape measure
  • Table saw
  • Carpenter’s square
  • Clamp
  • Drill with screwdriver bits
  • Wood screws
  • Slotted L-brackets
  • 4 furniture legs
  • Plywood
  • Wood glue
  • Measure out your frame pieces. The bottom piece will need a 6-foot length by 2-foot width. The top piece should be 6 feet long by 1.5 feet high. Cut your wood pieces accordingly and assemble the two rectangular pieces.

  • Glue the ends together, checking carefully that the frames are square by using a carpenter’s square. Clamp the glued pieces together and let dry for 24 hours.

  • Drill pilot holes and screws into each frame piece. You’ll want two screws at each junction.

  • Position 2-by-4 slats into the bottom frame and back piece every 6 inches for added support and comfort.

  • Screw the back piece onto the bottom piece, placing screws every 6 inches. Add extra reinforcement by placing an L bracket on each end.

  • Set the frame on its back and install your desired height of legs. You can find furniture legs at any hardware store.

  • Cut your arm pieces from the remaining wood. The arms should be the width of the couch and between 2 and 3 inches across. The arm supports should be 10 inches, allowing 2 inches for securing to the frame and the rest for arm support.

  • Install the arms by placing L-brackets at the points where the arms meet the frame. Connect the arm pieces together with a wood screw from the top of the arm to the bottom support piece.

  • Cut the plywood board to fit inside the bottom seat frame. Install the plywood, securing it down with screws.

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References

  • Photo Credit Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images
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