Care of Pansies Exposed to Cold

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Protecting your pansies from the cold means they'll flower again in the spring.
Protecting your pansies from the cold means they'll flower again in the spring.

Pansies grow when soil temperatures reach between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. When temperatures fall below 25F, the foliage wilts and turns an unappealing gray, indicating the plant’s reaction to the cold weather. Pansies grown in areas with mild winters make beautiful winter specimens that bloom in the fall and in the spring as long as you care for plants exposed to the cold.

Things You'll Need

  • Mulch
  • Straw
  • Gloves
  • Liquid fertilizer
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Instructions

    • 1

      Apply two inches of mulch around your pansies as soon as they get exposed to the cold. While mulching works best when done before a freezing spell, adding the mulch after a cold snap still helps protect the plants from further damage.

    • 2

      Cover the bed of pansies with two to four inches of straw to further protect the plants from extremely cold weather. The straw helps keep heat trapped in the soil and prevents the plants from freezing. An alternative way to cover the plants requires the use of special frost protection fabrics, useful when temperatures are expected to drop below 20F for a few days. The fabric works best when winds are also expected, since the breeze dries out the plants, making them more susceptible to the cold.

    • 3

      Remove the straw as soon as the weather warms up again and the threat of cold temperatures goes away. In the south and in other mild winter areas, you may remove the straw in the winter, but be prepared to cover the bed again if another cold streak is forecast. In the north, the bed of straw should stay on the plants until early spring.

    • 4

      Prune all frost-damaged flowers from the plants after a cold spell to make the plants look better and to stop seed pods from forming and using up all of the plant’s energy.

Tips & Warnings

  • Keep the soil around pansies slightly on the dry side to harden the plants before cold weather sets in.

  • Plant cold-hardy pansies in the spring. Varieties that tolerate cold include Skyline, Sky, Etain, Universal Plus and Maxims. Choose plants that appear healthy and free of insect and disease. The plants should look compact with deep green leaves.

  • Start a liquid fertilizer program in the fall or early winter when soil temperatures drop below 60F. The fertilizer should contain at least 50 percent nitrogen in a nitrate form. If the weather suddenly turns warm, slow down on the fertilizing until the weather cools again.

  • If your pansy beds appear wet even during the summer, provide better drainage to avoid damage during bouts of cold weather.

  • When planting pansies, avoid overgrown, root-bound or leggy plants as these are already in bad shape and are less likely to survive the cold.

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References

  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images

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