The art of singing is unique among the musical trades. Unlike the violin, trumpet or piano, singers rely solely on their physical anatomy to produce music. Because of this, many people view singing as an instinctive art that cannot be "taught" in the sense that playing instruments can. Finding your pitch range and tone are two essential steps to becoming a competent, proficient singer.
Play the C above middle C on the piano (C5) and attempt to sing the note if you are a female and are attempting to determine your vocal range. C5 functions as an test for female singers: if this note feels high to you, you are most like an alto singer. Alto singers typically have a vocal range of nearly two octaves, between the notes G3 and F5.
Play the note F5 on the piano and attempt to sing it back. This note is an indicator to determine if a singer falls within the soprano range of pitch. If you are capable of reaching this pitch without much difficulty, you are most likely a soprano singer.
Find the note F4 on the piano and attempt to sing it back if you are a male and are attempting to determine your vocal range. If you are capable of reaching this note comfortably, you are most likely a tenor singer. Tenors typically have a vocal range between the notes C3 and A4.
Repeat the process in Step 3 with the note E3. If you can sing in these low registers comfortably, you fall well within the range of pitches for a bass singer. Bass singers are typically incapable of reaching the higher pitches available to tenor singers.
Experiment with singing several different styles of music to determine where you voice most naturally lies. For some, singing popular music is much more conducive to their natural abilities than performing opera. In the end, the inherent physical qualities of your throat and resonating chamber will play a huge role in determining what type of music you will sing.
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