The Maltese is a small dog with long, silky white hair and an outgoing personality. It is very intelligent, affectionate and playful and makes an excellent companion for the family. First recognized as a breed on the Mediterranean island of Malta, the Maltese breed has been accredited by the American Kennel Club since 1888. If bred correctly, a pedigreed Maltese litter can yield a substantial income for the owners.
Speak to your vet about breeding your male Maltese dog. The vet can give you advice about the process and advise you about whether your dog's medical history suggests he is capable of successfully breeding a healthy litter. Your male dog is not fit for breeding until he is 6 months old, so you will need your vet to provide documentation to prove your dog's age to the breeder of the female Maltese.
Ask your vet to bring your stud up to date with shots and wormings. He also will need to be tested for brucellosis, a rare disease that can cause future infertility during breeding. You will also need an eye certification and as well as certification from your vet that your dog is pedigreed and in excellent health.
Find an official breeder of purebred Maltese females. Your vet can provide a list of local breeders, or you can visit the AKC website and consult its list of accredited breeders.
Check the credentials of the female dog. She should have the same documentation proving her pedigree status, health, vaccinations, wormings and the brucellosis test. The breeder should also provide a vaginal cytology report and proof that she is at least 12 to 18 months old, the minimum age of breeding for females.
Draw up and sign a breeding contract with the other breeder before the female goes into heat. It should state how much you will be paid for providing your male dog for breeding. Alternatively, you can choose to pick one of the offspring, on the condition that you get first pick before the litter is sold elsewhere. The contract should state when payment will be made and whether it will be made if the breeding attempt is unsuccessful. It should also state who is responsible for paying for any additional expenses such as vet bills and travel costs.
Decide whether the litter will be open or closed registration, and outline this in the breeding contract. This means that if the litter is registered as open, the female breeder can go on to breed that litter. If it is closed, the puppies must be neutered by the time they are 6 months old. The latter is the favorable option for owners of male Maltese dogs wishing to protect their dogs' lines.
Organize who will look after the dogs when the female is in heat and mating is intended to take place. As the owner of the male, you should normally take on this responsibility to ensure that your dog performs on the correct days. You must also ensure that the female does not come into contact with any other male dogs during this time to avoid the risk of her mating with another stud.
Confirm with the breeder of the female that mating has been successful and ensure that your compensation, as outlined in the contract, is delivered. Your role in the breeding process is now complete.
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