Why Is Lemon Juice Acidic?


Acidic Content in Lemons

  • Lemon juice is acidic because it contains citric acid, a tricarboxylic acid. Lemons are about 6 percent citric acid.

Citric Acid

  • Citric acid is formed through a cycle process. In the first step, biomolecules break down into smaller molecules. In step two, glycose and pyruvates produce CoA (carbon intermediates). In step 3, CoA gets transformed into carbon dioxide. Citric acid is produced as a byproduct.

Benefits and Risks

  • Although lemon juice has a high acidic content, it is beneficial to the body because it balances acidic and alkaline levels. When lemon juice enters the body, it is acidic. However, when it begins to break down, it raises the body's alkaline level. Balancing the body's pH level results in a healthier immune system that is able to function properly.

    Citric acid can thin the blood over time if it's consumed in large quantities. In addition, people who have a highly acidic stomach should avoid large quantities of citric acid in their diet because the body cannot break down the chemicals fast enough.


  • Photo Credit Martjusha/Flickr.com
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