Obesity in the modern world has several contributing factors: poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle and emotional problems. The majority of a typical diet consists of foods low in nutritional value but with high calorie counts, for example, fast food. Convenience makes cheap, processed food a major part of our diets today. Fast food restaurants often prepare food by frying it in grease, adding to the fat and calorie content. The Fast Food Explorer indicates a single burger can contain over 500 calories–a quarter of the daily amount required. However, fast food contains little nutritional value, and the body needs nutrients as well as calories.
Lack of Exercise
Lack of adequate exercise contributes to obesity as much as does a poor diet. Medline Plus states the amount of aerobic exercise needed for the average adult as 30 minutes per day. Aerobic exercise burns glycogen to provide glucose with the use of oxygen. The absence of carbohydrates causes the body to burn fat instead. Sedentary lifestyle, such as an office job with long hours, leaves little time or energy to devote to 30 minutes of aerobic exercise per day and is one of the leading causes of obesity. If you want to get aerobic exercise, try talking a walk during lunch break, or walking to and from work if possible.
Emotions, Stress and Compulsive Overeating
Even with time allotted for exercise, the hectic lifestyle led by many people today contributes to high stress levels. People with high stress levels can suffer from tendencies toward emotional eating, or eating as a response to an emotional trigger. If this behavior continues, it culminates in Compulsive Overeating Disorder. MedicineNet states that 10 to 15 percent of obese people suffer from COE. You can curb emotional eating tendencies by identifying the emotional triggers and devoting those triggers into constructive effort toward a hobby or toward the source of stress.