If you want to build walls around a wood burning stove, you need to consider the fire hazard first and foremost. There is always the chance of a stray spark catching fire on one of the walls, and there is the effect of prolonged heat on a wall. This can warp or damage fiber board, paneling and other wall board materials.
How Far Away Should They Be?
When you build your walls, make them at least eight feet from the stove for a medium-sized one. This may even be too close, however; if your stove burns really hot, you should build the walls ten feet away or more. This prevents heat damage and reduces the risk of fire. Before you build, contact your town or city hall and ask to see the building codes for creating walls near a wood burning stove or heat source. They will list them there, and you need to follow these in order to be up to code.
What if I Don't Have Room?
If you need to build a wall but can't place it far enough away because a hallway or entranceway is right there, then you should consider building a brick or concrete wall. Bricks will not catch fire or warp under the stress of heat. They are also easy to build with. Simply lay a foundation of mortar and stack bricks in an interlocking fashion. This is the safest way to build a wall around a wood stove of any type.
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