How Does a Fishing Pole Work?

  • Fishing has been around for thousands of years. Our ancestors would use sharp pointed sticks in order to spear fish from the river. We have come a long way since then, using a variety of equipment to catch fish. The most important of these is obviously the fishing pole, the tool that allows us to do the same thing that our ancestors did but more quickly and efficiently. No one has been able to pinpoint exactly when the fishing rod was invented. However it can be seen on ancient stone inscriptions in China, Egypt, Rome and medieval England. In England fishing poles were called "angles," which is why the word angling is synonymous with fishing.

  • A fishing pole consists of a reel, a rod and fishing line. The reel is located at the base of the fishing pole and the fishing line is tightly wrapped around it. One end of the line is fed along the rod, upon which are set small loops to keep the fishing line from getting tangled. Once the line is at the end of the pole, you can put a hook on the end of the line and start fishing.

  • A fish is not going to idly bite a hook in the water. That is why you either use bait or a lure to disguise the hook. Bait fishing involves coating the hook with bait to the point where it is not visible and letting it sit in the water, relying on the sensation of the fish pulling on the line to know when to reel the line in. Earthworms and chicken liver are two commonly used types of bait. Lures are small, brightly-colored objects that contain hooks, snaring the fish when they try to bite the lure.

  • In order to get the bait or the lure out to the intended spot of water, you must cast the line out. The fisherman uses a throwing motion with his hand and arm while not letting go of the fishing pole in order to send the line forward. Most fishing poles have a mechanism on the reel that allows you to set the line in place; it must be manually reset before each cast to allow the line to fly loose.

  • Once the bait or the lure has been cast out into the water, it is a waiting game to see if the fish are going to bite. At the point it becomes evident that a fish has taken the bait, you then begin to drag the fish to the surface using the reel. As you crank the reel using a circular motion, the end of the fishing line is brought towards the shore. When you are ready to cast the line back into the water, you simply reset the bait or lure and then start the process all over again.

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