Many types of grass have brown, stalky blades. This includes weeds and ornamentall grasses, but may also include turf grass to which damage has been done, and which therefore display characteristics they wouldn’t normally. Additionally, many grasses often have flower stalks that turn brown seasonally. With lawn grasses, however, mowing normally prevents the stalk from developing.
Captiva and palmetto are varieties of St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) that are suitable for residential and commercial areas in the coastal areas and southern parts of the United States. Captiva is a popular choice in Florida because of its high resistance to chinch bugs and tropical sod webworms. Palmetto is better for colder areas, because it tolerates temperatures down to almost 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Both varieties grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11.
Canada grass is not a separate species of grass developed for this or that quality, but rather a mix of cool season grasses including annual ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass and red fescue that have varying qualities. Canada grass may be planted with zoysia grass to give it winter color. However Canada grass is not well adapted to the climate favored by zoysia grass, and annual ryegrass has invasive tendencies.
Trimec contains three types of broadleaf weed killers – 2,4-d, Dicamba, and Mecoprop. It is effective on numerous types of weeds, including ones that are hard to kill, such as morning glories, oxalis, poison ivy, and poison oak. Trimec can be used on established lawns, playgrounds, and other areas where weeds are growing.
Scotts Liquid Turf Builder with Plus 2 Weed Control fertilizes your lawn and controls weeds. The sprayer does not have a handle for spraying the product directly from the bottle, but rather the bottle is designed to be attached to a hose for application with water. A common complaint is that the solution will not spray from the bottle. Follow a few easy tips and you should be able to get your product working.
Grass pads, or sod, provide a lush, uniform green lawn without the wait time, unlike a seed-started lawn. They do, however, require plenty of preparation and care if they are to grow roots in the soil. For the best results, install the sod on the day of purchase so that the grass doesn't die. You can install sod from early spring through late fall and even winter in warmer climates. If you lay sod in the summer, do it in the morning to avoid the hot, drying sun.
Glyphosate, the active ingredient in numerous popular systemic weed killers including Roundup brand, acts as a non-selective herbicide and kills all vegetation that it touches. It moves into the plant through the leaves and down into the roots to kill the plant. It becomes inactive in the soil. When applying sod, allow seven to 10 days between the final application of glyphosate and the sod installation.
Measuring square footage for sod requires you to first figure out what type of shape you're dealing with. Measure square footage for sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Preparing soil for sod is something that will require good soil, a shovel and a few other key tools. Prepare soil for sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Planting sod in bald areas is something that you can do after you've properly prepared the soil. Plant sod in bald areas with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Watering gras sod is something that you'll want to do very carefully to avoid things getting too wet. Water grass sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Applying roundup to sod is something that you want to do to kill your sod as quickly as possible. Apply roundup to sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Replacing the sod in irregularly-shaped areas require a paper, pencil, a tape measure and a few other basic tools. Replace the sod in irregularly-shaped areas with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
The proper care of new sod requires you to make sure it stays not too wet but not too dry. Learn about the proper care of new sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Resodding after killing existing sod is a process that begins by digging out your current setup. Resod after killing existing sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Reviving sod is something that you'll likely have to do if it hasn't been getting enough water. Revive sod with help from part owner of Jared's Nursery, Gift & Garden in this free video clip.
Much like the human body, turfgrass is made mostly of water. In fact, approximately 75 percent of a lawn's weight is purely water. When you lay new sod down, however, it is critical to keep the soil moist for healthy root establishment and foliage development. Over and under watering your root zone often causes significant dieback and potential sod failure if not corrected immediately.
Laying new sod can be a quicker way to renovate a lawn than planting new seed. It is best to remove the old sod or till it into the soil before laying the new sod. A layer of old sod will prevent the new sod from developing roots. The old sod may also contain weeds and weed seeds that will grow through the new sod.
North Texas sees wide temperature swings between summer and winter, making grass establishment difficult to schedule with only half the year as a viable growing period. However, winter grasses, also known as cool-season varieties, actively grow during the fall and winter months when many plants are dormant. Planting winter grass in North Texas requires mild temperatures for vigorous seedling growth before extreme winter weather sets in.
Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) offers several different varieties to densely cover your yard, from "hybrid" to "common" types. Common Bermuda is a versatile, thick turf that is easily installed through either seed or sodding. This warm-season grass thrives in full sunlight locations within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. The best planting season for common Bermuda is during the spring and summer when it is most active.
Warm season creeping grasses for mild-winter locations, bahia (Paspalum notatum spp.) and "Floratam" (Stenotaphrum secundatum "Floratam") grasses make low-maintenance lawns in full-sun locations. The best fertilizers for these grasses are high in nitrogen. Check with your local governmental authorities or services such as Cooperative Extension for local rules and regulations regarding the amount of nitrogen fertilizer permitted on lawns per application.
Certain truisms exist in hot, humid Texas and one is that trees in a landscape will eventually shade the yard, and if the ground cover is grass, it needs to be shade-tolerant or you'll have bare soil and mud. One popular lawn cover is Saint Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), a warm-season, shade grass intolerant of freezing temperatures. Both traditional and organic gardeners need winterizing strategies for Saint Augustine grass, even in Texas.
Unlike grass seed, sod can turn a barren landscape into a lush, green lawn almost instantly. However, you need to give sod a bit more care than an established lawn. New sod needs time to grow strong roots into the ground. The level of care you give the sod will determine if it develops roots and grows well, or succumbs to death and disease. Proper maintenance, watering and fertilizing will help your sod lawn stay healthy for years to come.
Oaks (Quercus spp.) aren't the always the best companions for grass, but there are ways to achieve a happy coexistence between the two. Depending on the variety, oaks are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9. In the Pacific Northwest, success in growing grass under oaks depends on selecting the right species and using appropriate management strategies.
Many gardeners find the sight of moss growing in their lawns both irritating and unsightly. The appearance of moss, however, often indicates that something is lacking in the health of the lawn and needs addressing. Therefore, trying to kill the moss with hydrated lime is not a long-term solution.
When it comes to growing grass, homeowners with busy lifestyles often want a fast solution and regularly opt to pay to install pre-grown grass sheets known as sod. While this is a quick way to green up a lawn fast, it is not always the most cost-efficient. Fortunately, it is relatively easy to grow grass from seed at a fraction of the cost – even in a high-temperature climate such as Florida. Growing your own grass does require time and patience, but if seeded correctly, a hand-sown lawn looks just as nice as one grown from sod.
If your Bermuda lawn (Cynodon dactylon) appears thin and invites weeds seemingly constantly, your best renovation strategy is over-seeding. Being a warm-season grass, Bermuda seeds germinate, or sprout, quickly when spread into your existing turf during spring, summer or fall. Germination times vary widely based on your spreading technique and watering schedule. Bermuda grass generally grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 11.
Canada Green is a commercial grass seed mixture marketed as a resilient mix that will produce a hardy turf in any climate and under any growing conditions. However, the mix includes a few common grass species, including ryegrass, that are unlikely to thrive in some conditions and may not survive at all in some climates.
Bermuda grass (Cynodon spp.) is a perennial, warm-season grass that handles foot traffic well and a high salt tolerance for coastal areas. Bermuda grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10 in full sunlight. Areas of grass that are low in a lawn tend to hold water, and can attract disease and insects that lead to the grass dying. The best time to level low spots on a Bermuda lawn is in the spring when temperatures reach 80 degrees Fahrenheit or above to supply seeds with warmth for germination.
Turf grass is a variety of grass species that give a uniform, groomed look to an area of the landscape. They are commonly grown in public areas such as golf courses, parks, cemeteries and athletic fields. Turf grass is sometimes replaced in home landscapes by native grasses, which are low-maintenance and drought-tolerant. Care of turf grass requires care of the soil it grows in.
Grass (Gramineae) forms a living carpet across the earth's treeless surfaces and is vulnerable to all types of weather, depending upon its location. Grass is completely dependent upon sunlight for photosynthesis, which is the way it manufactures its own food, and on rainfall for the moisture it needs. Adequate sunlight and moisture are sometimes not enough, however, to protect grass against weather extremes such as severe cold or drought.
The scientific name of red oat grass is Themeda triandra. The scientific synonym Themeda australis refers to the Australian variety of this grass, which is more commonly called kangaroo grass. Though the meaning of the name of the genus, Themeda, is unknown, it is an Arabic word and generally believed to be related in some way to water. The species name triandra translates from Greek to "three man," a reference to the grass's three male spikelets. Red oat grass is also known by the alternative common names red grass or rooigras.
Bermuda grass (Cynodon spp.), which grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10, does best in hot climates with winters that rarely reach freezing, lest it browns over and takes on the appearance of Dust Bowl prairie. If your Bermuda grass develops brown patchy spots in winter, you probably need to overseed it. But before overseeding, you need to aerate the soil, which, in landscaping, simply means poking holes in it to improve permeability. Bermuda grass requires some preparation before you can aerate it and remove soil plugs, like pulling up the suffocating layer of thatch…
A chain-link fence functions perfectly well as a property barrier but may be anything but attractive, especially when compared to other fencing options. Instead of living with the sight of a chain-link fence, you can camouflage the metal fence with pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana), which is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 7 through 11, depending on the variety or cultivar. Pampas grass features feathery white or pink plumes that reach up to 10 feet tall in late summer. The trick to hiding a chain-link fence with pampas grass is making the grass look attractive year-round,…
Elijah blue fescue (Festuca glauca) is a cool-season, ornamental grass that grows in a small dome-shaped bunch. With its silver-blue, porcupine-resembling foliage, this member of the Poaceae family can grow up to 1 foot tall and spread about 9 inches. Whether you grow Elijah blue fescue as ground cover or use it to adorn a border or rock garden, properly planting it in your garden is essential to your success.
With its bluish green hue, St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) prefers hot summers for the most vigorous growth. This warm-season grass acclimates well to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 8 through 10, but can create problems when paired with nearby trees. Competition for natural resources, from sunlight to moisture, creates a garden battle that is quite often detrimental to both plant species.
Winter ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), a cool season annual grass, is overseeded in warm season grasses to keep the lawn green all winter. It's also used as a cover crop to enrich soil and planted for winter forage for livestock. Frost-resistant ryegrass remains green all winter in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 and higher. In other zones it is dormant in the coldest part of the winter, but grows late in the fall and early in the spring.
Considered a cool-season grass, perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) prefers U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. If ideal conditions abound, this turf species easily grows to a 24-inch height during the growing season if you do not mow it. However, perennial ryegrass is typically dormant during the winter, with no significant growth to be seen.
Spreading quickly into any available space once established, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is a warm-season turf grass. Preferring the warmer climates in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10, this perennial grass works well for yards that see a lot of foot traffic -- it also fends off weed seed germination because of its thick structure when maintained properly.
"Karley Rose" (Pennisetum orientale "Karley Rose") is a warm-season, oriental fountain grass cultivar characterized by long-lasting seed heads. The Pennisetum genus includes about 120 species of clump-forming grasses native to warm woodlands and grasslands throughout the world. Oriental fountain grass hails from China, southwestern Asia and northern India. "Karley Rose" grass was discovered in 1995 by David Skwiot of Sunny Border Nurseries, who named the grass after his daughter.
"Red Baron" (Imperata cylindrica "Red Baron") is a cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) cultivar that grows to a mature height of 12 to 18 inches, producing 1/4-inch wide leaves that are green on the bottom and bright blood red in the spring and summer. This cultivar is sometimes sold as "Rubra" or Japanese blood grass.
Grass is available in several varieties and in categories including size, color and blade shape. One main feature of grass types is their life cycle, which is annual, biennial or perennial. Annual grass produces seed and dies off within one growing season, while perennial grass lives for years, spreading mainly through underground roots. Biennial grass completes its life cycle in two growing seasons. Leaves and foliage grow the first season after planting. In the second season, the grass produces plumes and seeds.
Prevalent in North America, a wide variety of wheatgrass species thrive best in cold-season climates and can sustain extremely dry conditions. Wheatgrass germinates easily in most soils and is often used with a combination of other breeds of grass for lawn care. With its coarse surface and fine blades, wheatgrass is a favorite among landscapers looking to create a rich, textured lawn not only for its distinctive look but because it's also a low-maintenance grass needing little to no fertilization and minimum watering.
Most plants don’t like “wet feet.” When many plants stand in waterlogged soil, their roots rot and the plants die. Many grasses, especially turf grasses, are bred to have hybrid vigor, which includes a tolerance to drought. In slow-draining sites, these grasses will not thrive. Water-tolerant grasses are better choices for these landscape areas.
Crabgrass, the bane of homeowners who painstakingly care for their lawns, provides an effective temporary forage crop during the summer. The most commonly cultivated species is large crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis), also known as digitgrass for its flower branches that resemble fingers. Large crabgrass spreads by roots, produced when the nodes touch the soil. Because it readily reseeds itself, it’s the gift that keeps on giving when grown as forage.
Keen Kutter lawn mowers -- an appliance sold as early as the late 1800s by the original manufacturer E.C. Simmons in catalogs and newspapers -- are now a coveted item for many collectors, along with other items made in the Keen Kutter tool line. This push-model, vintage mower was on shelves for more than 50 years.
If you live in an area that experiences winters with heavy rainfalls, choose varieties of ornamental grasses to plant more carefully than if you live in an area with dry winters. Only certain kinds of ornamental grasses tolerate wet winters or areas that stay saturated days after a rain. Plant these wet weather-tolerant grasses in your yard to avoid replacing dead specimens year after year.
Sprinkler systems that rely on wells are usually found in large-scale agricultural production. The specific reason for each well casing is dependent upon its placement within the well. Slotted casings, screen casings and blank casings work in conjunction with gravel packs and screens to protect pump mechanisms and water quality.
Synthetic grass was initially known as “Astro turf” in the 1960s, when the Houston Astros used it for baseball games at the Astrodome. Also known as artificial turf, synthetic grass consists of rubber crumbs made from ground-up tires. Synthetic grass offers several advantages over natural grass. Among these advantages are less watering for growth and consistent green coloring. However, high costs and cleanup issues are some of the challenges that come from using synthetic grass fields.
When an object depreciates, its value is lower than it was when it was new. This concept applies to seeds of grasses and other plants as well as to automobiles, clothing and computers. When grass seed becomes older, the percentage of seeds that germinate will be less than that of fresh seed.
Sapphire and palmetto grasses are cultivars of St. Augustine grass, which is a warm-season lawn grass found in subtropical regions of the Southeastern United States. Both grasses produce thick, carpet-like lawns, if grown properly. Although they have many similarities, sapphire and palmetto grasses have differences in height requirements and leaf coloration. Both cultivars were introduced to the market in the past 20 years.
Laying sod over sand is a quick way to establish a new lawn. A yard often contains a combination of the common soil types: sand, silt, clay and loam. Therefore, a yard that is sand might be sandy loam, sandy clay, sandy clay loam or loamy sand, depending on the percentage of each type of soil particles. Laying sod over sand is a similar procedure to placing sod over any other type of soil. A benefit of laying sod over sand is that water drains quickly. Many golf courses are made by laying sod over sand.
A sodded yard is established by installing turf grass sod and not by growing seeds. Installing sod grass produces an almost instant, carpet-like result and is more practical for certain varieties of grass. Sod grass is grown on commercial farms and harvested in long strips, leaving the roots and a thin layer of dirt intact. Sod is typically cut into squares and sold for landscaping purposes.
The turf management method known as water injection serves a number of purposes. Mostly used to maintain large areas of turf, such as those grown in golf courses or parks, water injection increases soil aeration, reduces anaerobic conditions and fertilizes turf. Hot water or steam also can be injected into soil as part of a remediation process to flush contaminants. These methods require varying types of equipment.
Lawns bring bright color and smooth texture to home landscapes, and they cover large tracts of land for a finished look. Lawn grasses like Bermuda and St. Augustine fall into the warm-season category, however, and brown out during the winter. Clover, on the other hand, produces bright greenery all year to supplement winter and summer lawns. The leaves bear decorative shapes for more interest, and spread over the ground. Add clover to your lawn for more coverage and year-round color.
Both members of the Araliaceae family, the schefflera and dwarf schefflera, are popular plants used both in indoor and outdoor settings. The schefflera is considered a tree, though it is widely used as an indoor plant, while the dwarf schefflera is a shrub used for both indoor and outdoor purposes.
Timothy grass is an important part of the diet of many domesticated animals. It can be fed to horses, cows, guinea pigs and other animals kept as pets or livestock. Usually timothy grass is cut and dried to make timothy hay. You can also grow timothy grass to feed as a dust- and mess-free alternative to hay for your indoor pets. It requires well drained, sandy loam soil to thrive and must be watered frequently throughout the growing cycle.
Dormant seeding your cool-season lawn can be a good option if you have poorly draining soil that doesn’t dry out early enough to work in the spring. The freezing and thawing of the soil over the winter and spring help pull the seed down into the soil, increasing chances of successful germination. Dormant seeding may also give you additional time to find a contractor to do the work for you if you don't want to do it yourself, since you aren’t limited to the contractor's busy spring schedule.
Oats are one of the few grasses that offer beneficial nutrition to humans and wildlife. True oats belong to the Avena genus of plants. However, grasses from other plant genera also possess nutritional value for animals and have similarities to true oats such as seed-bearing capabilities, thin leaves and spiky inflorescences. These oat-like grasses make for attractive ornamentals and possible alternatives for eroded meadows that require revegetation.
Excessive moisture is hard on a horse’s hooves. It softens them, making them vulnerable to bacterial invasion, causing scabs, inflammation, cracking and splitting. Wet, muddy pastures also make a horse susceptible to thrush, a fungal disease of the hooves. Good pasture management includes keeping livestock in pastures with at least 3 inches of vegetation and firm, not soggy, soil. Sometimes reseeding a muddy pasture by spreading 5 to 10 pounds of grass seed over it in the fall is sufficient. Otherwise, a complete renovation is necessary.
Getting a lawn to come in full and even from seed requires both luck and skill. It means spreading grass seed on a fertilized, prepared area of ground, making sure it is properly watered, and waiting for the first shoots to appear. Some of those seeds usually are eaten by birds, and the neighbor’s pet may destroy your handiwork as well. Sod provides an alternative. The density of grass and its root system allows sod to be cut, stored and laid out on top soil, a virtual living carpet.
Introduced into the United States from Japan in the late 19th century, zoysia is a common grass in warm-weather areas of the country. The El Toro cultivar was released in 1986 as an improvement over the slow-growing Meyer variety and remains a common choice. Zenith is a more recent introduction. Many differences exist between the two cultivars.
Whether starting a new lawn or reseeding an existing one, there is a bad time, a good time and the best time to put out grass seed. Knowing the difference makes the results more productive. Know the best type of seed for your area before planting. Warm-season grasses do better in places with longer, hotter summers, while cool-season grasses are best for more temperate climates with shorter, milder summers. Late summer and early fall are the best times.
Bermudagrass is a warm season grass that thrives in warm to hot southern states. It is commonly used as sports turf. Most of the time the grass grows lushly, but environmental conditions, soil compaction, thatch accumulation, poor soil, too much shade, and drought or poor drainage can give moss a chance to thrive. Once moss gets a hold in a lawn, it can spread, reducing the quality of the turf. Killing the moss is easy. The products that kill moss are not harmful to the environment, children or pets when used as the package directions indicate. The best time to…
Sandy soil is fast draining, which means that it holds little water and nutrients. To tell if you have sandy soil, grab a handful from the yard. Soil that crumbles in the hand indicates that it is sandy. When it comes to germinating grass on sandy soil, gardeners have two options. You can choose a turf type such as bahia that grows well in sand or you can amend the sandy soil with more organic matter for moisture retention.
While erosion is a thoroughly natural process, human land-use practices can exacerbate its effects and devastate a tract of country formerly secured by vegetation. Bare ground is quickly gullied by surface runoff, and topsoil can vanish surprisingly fast. A common method to combat erosion is seeding the spot with soil-anchoring plants, including grasses.
Teff is an Ethiopian grain that now grows in temperate and tropical climates all over the world. In Africa, India and South America, teff is a food crop, and in the United States, it grows as a forage or hay crop. The small tan or brown seeds measure only 0.04 inch in diameter. According to the Oregon State University Extension, teff’s short growth cycle and drought tolerance make it a good emergency forage crop. Teff does not tolerate freezing temperatures and grows at a much slower rate in the fall.
Though a lush bed of grass is generally a sign of a healthy lawn, grass doesn’t provide benefits to every area of a landscape. Grass competes with other plants for the nutrients and moisture in soil, which can sometimes be detrimental to flowers and trees. Grass also retains moisture and holds in nutrients, which may cause issues around structures or fixtures in the landscape. If grass sits around a chainlink fence, for instance, it may eventually cause the fence to rust, so it is wise to get rid of grass proactively.
Several consumer grass seed ratings exist. Some ratings are based on consumer purchases and others take into account consumer feedback and reviews. The National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) also publishes ratings that are available to the public.
Ornamental grasses give your yard a natural flavor, as the grasses are allowed to grow to their natural height. These grasses form a low-maintenance border for your pool. With an aboveground pool, they can block unattractive siding from view. With either an aboveground or inground pool, a thick border of ornamental grass will create a private retreat.
Growing lush green grass is a promising way to make your landscape more attractive. There are numerous methods of achieving a healthy lawn. Peat moss is one of the most commonly used substances for amending soil. Incorporate peat into the topsoil, along with needed fertilizer and phosphorus or potassium amendments. Peat moss helps improve the texture and moisture levels in soil. But it may not be a sufficient amendment if used alone; it is still important to test your topsoil and amend for any deficiencies prior to planting.
Grass that grows quickly requires more frequent cutting; however, fast-growing grass will grow back evenly, which is particularly useful in the case of a playing field where impact can cause the grass to look patchy. If you live in a region with a hot climate, several types of grass are perfectly suited.
Amazoy zoysia grass is a variety of turfgrass that grows in a range of soil and climatic conditions. Once established, it requires little maintenance and grows as a tough but soft carpet of grass, sending runners out through the soil and growing sideways more than it grows upward. This growing pattern provides a thick layer that chokes out most weeds once it is established. The most common way to plant amazoy zoysia is by plugging, where small pieces are cut from sheets of sod and planted in the soil.
Miscanthus is a warm season ornamental grass that thrives in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The grass is easy to propagate through division, which gives you the opportunity to spread the grass and create hedges, or control the size of individual clumps. The best time to transplant miscanthus is in the spring or fall, so the roots have time to become established before extreme hot or cold weather.
For some homeowners, leaf blowers are the most efficient way to rid areas of unwanted leaves and other debris. To others, the machines are an environmental nightmare, spewing fumes and disturbing the peace. Across the country, cities and towns have enacted leaf blower laws, curbing and, in some cases, banning use of the devices. Before purchasing or using a leaf blower, find out about local regulations. If in doubt, use a rake.
Cats enjoy feasting on grass, but the foliage outdoors often lacks nutrients and contains harmful pesticides and herbicides. Most indoor plants are also harmful to cats. Feed your furry pets potted cat grass. Cat grass contains vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to a cat’s diet. It contains a combination of rye grass, wheat and oat. Grow cat grass indoors at any time of the year or place it outside in frost-free weather to feed your outdoor feline friends.
Oak trees can become very large, producing hours of shade under their branches and developing shallow, large root systems. Growing grass on the roots requires the presence of some type of organic matter, as well as appropriate amounts of sunlight. You can only cover the ground under an oak with a small amount of organic matter, or you risk smothering the top roots. Once you plant the grass, you must care for it differently than you do the rest of the lawn.
Fairway grass is golf course grass. Specifically, it is the section of the golf course between a tee and the green, where the grass is mowed short. Bermudagrass is one species that is widely used as ground cover on golf courses. The warm-season African native is resilient and recovers well from high traffic. It requires full sun and winter temperatures above 10 F. The “U-3” bermudagrass variety is used for golf courses and homes. It grows from seed -- an inexpensive way of starting a new lawn.
Instead of lining your driveway with shrubs or flowers, which the University of Missouri Extension says draws too much attention to the garage door, choose ornamental grasses. These versatile plants grow in a wide range of colors, sizes and forms. Best of all, they require little maintenance. Most grasses grow to a maximum size so don’t need to be mowed, and many species -- especially those native to North America -- don’t require excessive irrigation or fertilization. Choose grasses that best meet the sun, moisture and climate conditions around your driveway.
Bahia sod is a warm-season turf type that grows well in warm climates or areas in the southern parts of the United States. Gardeners prize this grass for its ability to grow in sand and acidic soils, survive drought and tolerate foot traffic. However, it is important for gardeners to install their Bahia sod correctly to help the grass develop strong roots by adhering it to the soil. Incorrect placement may result in the crushing of the new Bahia sod.
A few grasses tolerate shade, but none thrive under low-light conditions. To grow strong, healthy grass, your first recourse is to try to introduce more light into the area. In areas under trees, prune branches selectively to allow more light to filter to the ground. Provide the grass with the best of all other conditions it needs, including water, nutrients and soil. Start with a grass likely to tolerate shade, then expand through experimentation.
Different regions have various grass types that thrive based on controllable and uncontrollable factors. A science project on the different grasses in your area that shows the growth potential for each grass, considering a number of factors, can help you make an informed decision about the best grass species for your lawn.
Potassium plays a key role in helping your grass metabolize water and perform certain enzymatic functions that lead to continued growth. Established lawns can deplete the soil of the existing potassium, a condition that results in stunted growth and an increased susceptibility to disease. Fertilizing your lawn regularly can raise and restore the levels of this important soil nutrient.
Young olive trees cannot compete with grass for the soil's nutrients and moisture. Sowing grass seed too close to the base of a young tree will result in stunted growth of the tree. You must allow enough grass-free space around the trunk to ensure the tree's safety. For the sake of the grass, you must choose a type that tolerates partial shade cast by the olive tree. Fescue, Kentucky bluegrass and zoysiagrass survive in shady areas.
Ornamental grasses more than 5 feet tall form moving, rustling borders, adding privacy and screening to your landscape. These low-maintenance plants grow in a wide variety of colors, forms and sizes, from a few inches to 20 feet tall. Decorative grasses are classified as warm or cool season. Warm-season grasses do most of their growing during hot summer months and lie dormant in spring and fall, while cool-season grasses start growing in the spring and often lie dormant through the summer.
After you plant your grass seed, the last thing you want to see is pigeons walking around the yard eating the grass seed. Besides pigeons, you may have other bird species feeding alongside the pigeons. Before the pigeons get a chance to eat your newly planted grass seed, you need to use some type of protection rather than a scare tactic, which is unlikely to work because pigeons have become accustomed to urban life, according to the Illinois Department of Health Prevention and Control.
Grass seeds require certain elements, such as light, moisture and warmth, to sprout and grow. While most grass seeds need abundant amounts of light from natural sources or full-spectrum grow lights, these seeds will sprout and survive for a time under limited-spectrum lights, such as black lights. However, grass grown under these lights tends to produce weak seedlings.
Ryegrass is a cool season turf often mixed with other grasses or planted alone. There are two types of ryegrass that gardeners plant: annual and perennial. Annual ryegrass is generally overseeded in warm season or cool season grasses to help with thinning turf. Perennial ryegrass is grown in the regions that have cool climates in the northern parts of the United States. For ryegrass to grow, gardeners improve their soil's drainage and air flow by aerating. Aerating your ryegrass after the grass greens up in the fall helps reduce the instances of disease.
Hay is a useful material for a number of situations. It can be spread on flower beds to help plants grow and protect them from pests. It is also useful for animals both as a food source and bedding. The basic idea is dried-out grass, but there is more to it than that. The cutting of the grass is the first hurdle and the method used depends on the purpose of the hay.
Growing grass under trees poses numerous problems for gardeners. Sod laid in shady environments is more susceptible to fungal diseases and root competition from trees. That's why it's important to choose a shade-tolerant sod type such as fescue, St. Augustine, zoysia and Kentucky bluegrass. Choosing a shade-intolerant grass type like Bermudagrass results in a patchy area underneath trees.
Palmetto sod is a type of St. Augustine grass that is commonly used in the southern regions of the United States. This warm-season turf type is prized for its ability to survive shade and quick establishment time. Laying Palmetto sod on unprepared soil will not result in a successful lawn. You must remove unwanted vegetation and prepare the soil.
Zebra grass is a vertical growing ornamental specimen often planted as a backdrop to other landscape plants. The blades are very thin and colored green with yellow horizontal stripes, thus giving the plant its name. In the early winter the blades die but turn a light tan to brown color that provides winter interest to the landscape when other plants are completely dead. Zebra grass requires an annual pruning to remove the dead blades in preparation for new growth.
A container landscape is ideal for patios and balconies. Apartment dwellers or people who have tiny yards that can't accommodate a garden may find this type of landscaping especially useful. Pots and other containers allow you the ability to landscape without needing a yard. Knowing how to landscape with pots allows you to bring some botanical touches to your patio spaces.
Asian jasmine is a woody ground cover type that is prized by gardeners for its ability to survive drought and cold weather. Furthermore, those who have problems growing grass in shade plant Asian jasmine as an alternative turf. Gardeners can expect this Asian jasmine to form a dense ground cover two years after planting. For Asian jasmine to grow, gardeners must remove all evidence of sod to prevent grass from competing with this ground cover.
Brown spots in tall fescue grass is often caused by a fungal disease called brown patch. Unlike other types of lawn problems that result in grass browning, like pet urine, brown patch creates circular or spot-like patterns of discolored grass in the yard. In addition, brown patch typically occurs during hot and humid summer months. Gardeners may see brown spots appear in their lawn overnight. By using both cultural and chemical control methods, gardeners can rid tall fescue grass of brown patch.
Timothy grass, which has the scientific name of Phleum pretense, is a cool-season grass that thrives in the early spring and the again in the fall once temperatures moderate. Although growers typically plant it in fields for herds or as a crop, you can also plant it in containers as an ornamental grass. At maturity, Timothy grass reaches 30 inches tall and develops furry seed pods at the top of tall stalks.
Tilling breaks up soil to allow better drainage and air circulation for sod's roots. Sod laid on compacted soil cannot establish a strong root system. Furthermore, gardeners must till soil amendments to help raise the soil's pH and add extra nutrients to encourage strong root growth. Before tilling can even begin, it is important for gardeners to remove any unwanted vegetation or weed growth on the lawn using an herbicide. Breaking up living debris with a tiller is laborious and may not adequately remove perennial plants' root systems.
Growing grass in shady back yards can be tricky for gardeners. Shady environments lack proper air flow and have high levels of humidity and reduced light, which is an incubator for diseases. Establishing a successful lawn starts with proper grass selection. Certain types of grasses cannot tolerate shade, such as Bermuda and Bahia. While most grass types prefer six to eight hours of sunlight, there are several cool- and warm-season grass varieties that contribute a thick lawn for back yards.
U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 4 includes areas of the Northeast, northern parts of the Midwest and parts of the Pacific Northwest where the average annual minimum temperature ranges between minus 20 and minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit. According to the United States National Arboretum, cool-season grasses, such as bluegrass, fescue, ryegrass and bentgrass, do best in this area. However, parts of zone 4 are cool and humid, while other areas are cool and dry. In addition to choosing a grass that tolerates the average minimum temperatures, choose a species adapted to arid or humid growing conditions, depending on…
Adding sand to your grass to aid in drainage is a project that requires care. You don’t want to smother the soil and prevent growth. As a preventative measure, the sand isn’t added alone. With a mix of peat, sand and loam, you can create a top dressing for the grass that enriches the soil as well as helps with drainage. The sand aids directly with drainage issues, preventing the soil from over absorbing and holding water, while the peat and loam breaks down over time, adding nutrients to your soil that will have your grass growing lush and full…