Workplace exercise programs are about more than just reducing healthcare costs or improving productivity. For the employees who take part, improved health and well-being help create a "benefit cycle" where both the business and the employees reap short- and long-term rewards. The best part is that workplace exercise programs do not need to be difficult or costly to set up and run.
Trenching -- a form of excavation -- is one of the most hazardous forms of construction, according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. As such, OSHA designs safety regulations for workers who dig trenches to follow in order to avoid hazards. Weather plays an integral role in the safety of trenchers, too. Digging a trench in cold weather requires workers to pay close attention to the environment and condition of the earth.
A manlift is a piece of heavy machinery used to lift workers, tools and heavy items to access high places, or to transport them from one floor to another. Manlifts typically are used in the construction and manufacturing industries. HiJacker is a manufacturer of this type of machine, producing both personal manlifts as well as mechanical and hydraulic models. Operating a manlift is a responsibility that takes practice and perfection, to ensure the safety of those around and on it.
The color combinations you use when working on your computer are largely a matter of personal preference. There are also ergonomic considerations, however. If your work requires you to spend long periods looking at the screen, headaches or eyestrain can become a problem -- some colors and combinations are more likely to promote these than others. For computer presentations, it's important to choose colors that are easy to read at a distance as well as aesthetically pleasing.
Crude oil contains contaminants called emulsions that make the oil unusable in its raw form. The oil refining industry has developed methods for removing those contaminants. Methods continue to evolve, and new ways to measure the emulsions in oil have made it possible to be more precise when calculating the thickness of the non-oil layers in settling tanks. Traditional methods assumed there was a clear line between the layers in a settling tank, when in reality there is a gradual tapering off of purity between emulsions and oil. Learn new methods used in settling tanks.
A helideck is a helicopter landing pad. Helidecks are equipped with a fire sprinkler system that utilizes foam to extinguish fires. When triggered during testing or an actual emergency, water runs through the system, where it mixes with a foam solution. The foam is then sprayed out across the helideck. Test a helideck foam fire extinguishing system annually to ensure that it is in proper working order.
Isopropyl alcohol is a flammable chemical compound with a flammability rating of "3," for "severe fire hazard," according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. If you plan to burn isopropyl alcohol, you might wonder whether or not the alcohol leaves a residue once the flames burn out. The issue of residue may determine what you do with the alcohol that you burn.
Calibrate a pressure gauge transmitter and switch with the use of a hand pump with a PSI gauge and a digital pressure calibrator. Digital pressure calibrators are multimeters that are designed to measure electrical currents and calculate pressure set points for pressure gauges, which are instruments attached to processing plants that work with gasses and liquids. They control safety devices installed at the plant that keep it working properly and prevent workplace injuries. Calibrating a pressure gauge ensures that the gas or liquid pressure in a plant is maintained at safe levels.
In the United States more than a million workers suffer back injuries in a given year. These injuries account for roughly one-in-five workplace injuries. Of these back injuries, roughly 80 percent are to the lower back. Fortunately, a great many of these injuries can be prevented with proper lifting technique.
Resistance temperature detectors, or RTDs, are a type of thermometer that uses electrical resistance in metal surfaces to detect a change in surface temperature. RTDs are used in applications where temperatures need to remain constant for safety reasons, such as food and medical supply storage as well as factories and refineries that use heaters, boilers and furnaces. They are attached to pipes, tanks or vats with the use of a metal weld pad. RTDs are welded with the use of an arc welder and a fillet weld technique.
Epoxy resins, fiberglass resin and other similar materials used in fabrication and repair create fumes during the application and curing process. Without the proper ventilation, users can suffer respiratory issues, skin rashes and other potential health effects that come from constant exposure. Creating your own resin fume extractor can help reduce and even eliminate these fumes from your work area. The procedure for building one is relatively simple and you can build as many as you need for your work area.
Autoclaves have become increasingly popular in recent years due to greater awareness of their advantages. In addition to laboratory settings where sterility is essential, autoclaves are becoming a prominent feature of body-art studios, to prevent the spread of blood-borne diseases. Because autoclaves pull a lot of electricity to heat water to very high temperatures, manufacturers such as Market Forge typically build their autoclaves to run on 208 volts current or higher. As such, installation of an autoclave is largely determined by local electrical codes, and any new high-voltage outlets must be installed by an electrician.
Hardhats are an important staple of modern-day construction, protecting millions of workers from the hazards of falling objects. While the usefulness of hardhats is undisputed, it is not always clear what type of hardhat is most beneficial. The external material of hardhats has changed over the years from fiberglass to thermoplastic and, recently, to other materials. Hardhats made from each of these materials function differently in the work environment.
Chlorine gas is used in a number of businesses including public water treatment, swimming pools, dairy operations, paper or pulp mills, chemical manufacturing, fabric manufacturing or any location where chlorine is used for cleaning purposes. Chlorine gas contains a yellow to yellow-reddish tint at room temperature. Chlorine gas exposure can affect humans through entering the respiratory system or absorption through the eyes or skin. If a room is contaminated by a chlorine leak, proper cleanup is important, but only after the leak has stopped.
Hair follicle testing, or hair screening, is a common test conducted by potential employers or parole officers. Specifically, by taking a small sample of hair, specific drugs are identified by measuring metabolites that are only picked up after the drug has passed through the body. It's an alternative drug test to urine sampling. There are two basic types of hair follicle testing: home-based and lab-based.
Safe use of a laser requires the calculation of the nominal hazard zone ( NHZ). According to the University of Chicago's Office of Risk Management, Audit and Safety, the NHZ identifies the area in which an individual will be exposed to irradiance that exceeds the maximum permissible exposure (MPE), risking serious damage to the eyes and skin. Calculating the nominal hazard zone requires the prior calculation of the laser's MPE in addition to defining the laser's physical properties.
Didymium is a filter that absorbs bright yellow light. Lenses made from didymium protect the eyes from some visible and UV light. Glass blowers who produce lab equipment, custom glass products and signs commonly use safety glasses, with lenses made from didymium. Workers in labs often wear this type of safety glass due to bright light and the strain that close-up work can cause.
Proper design of a paint spray booth is a critical factor in the safety of such facilities. Fire and explosion are primary concerns with paint booths because of the flammable vapors generated by solvent-based paints and aerated solid powders which may be released into the atmosphere under certain conditions, according to Harleysville Mutual Insurance and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Electrical wiring is a major concern because electrical sparks can be an ignition source for fire and explosion in such atmospheres. In order to control this hazard for workers, OSHA created 20CFR 1926.66 subpart D, the standard criteria for…
An electrical interlock is a system that does not allow, or limits, access to the workings of an electrically powered machine that can cause injury to an operator. Electrical interlocking systems are commonly found in industrial settings, such as factories, where maintenance work or tool replacement is taking place and an employee is placed in danger.
For industries that require workers to operate conveyor belts, bodily amputations are accidental injuries that workers and employers need to diligently work to prevent. A wrong maneuver or attempting to operate a faulty conveyor belt can result in the loss of a finger, a severed arm or other devastating injury. As such, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) publishes conveyor belt operation safety guidelines so that employers know how to properly safeguard the machines and take the precautions necessary so that workers remain injury-free.
A sheet metal press, also known as a sheet metal press brake, is a heavy industrial machine that bends sheets of metal. To operate a sheet metal press, you must be skilled and familiar with the proper operations of the machine to avoid injury. According to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, amputations are an injury commonly related to operating metal press brakes, which comes as the result of improper usage or the accidental exposure to the machine's point of operation. To keep yourself injury-free, always read the operation manual and know where the hazardous points of the machine…
When manual lifting is part of your job, it's important to know how much you can exert before you possibly injure yourself. According to the National Safety Council, more than 30 percent of workplace injuries are due to overexertion. To reduce lifting-related injuries, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health developed a lifting index, which can help you determine if you have the strength to perform a specific lifting task.
Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) control the frequency and voltage of the power delivered to a 3-phase electric motor. They increase energy efficiency and reduce stress on the motor by providing a soft start, as well as improve process control and maintain consistent levels of torque to match the needs of their respective loads. VFDs are used in a variety of applications, which include motion control systems, ventilation, machining and waste water processing. While efficient and effective, VFDs require specific wiring considerations to maximize efficiency and prevent Electro Magnetic Interference with other machinery.
Combustible dust, also known as industrial, or explosive dust, is the fine particulate dust, generated from industrial applications such as woodworking and metalworking. In small amounts, industrial dust can be safely mitigated through standard cleaning and maintenance of the facility. However, the dust can accumulate in large amounts in largely inaccessible locations, such as on high ceiling structures. At such a large amount, the dust must be removed, as it is both a health and explosion hazard.
Many homes and businesses use natural gas as an energy source for heating, cooking and water-heating, among other uses. Natural gas is colorless and odorless (though most gas companies add a compound that provides an odor for detection purposes), and since a gas leak can lead to fire or explosion, a gas-leak detector can be a big help in preventing major damage. The Ewoo EW-401 is one such detector, and connecting it in areas where natural gas is used can help to protect you and those around you.
The functional capacity exam (FCE) is a comprehensive evaluation performed by a qualified health care professional to determine a person's physical abilities as they relate to work. The FCE is sometimes administered pre-employment to assess an applicant's ability to perform required physical demands. It is also commonly used to test an injured worker's functional capabilities after medical treatment is completed. There are several components that should be included in an FCE and the quality of the FCE is judged in these areas.
Hydrochloric acid (HCl), also known as muriatic acid, is a colorless solution with a pungent, irritating odor. The acid forms when hydrogen chloride dissolves in water. Its molecular weight is 36.47 g/mol. It is highly corrosive, and can release toxic gas when exposed to air. Common uses for hydrochloric acid include fertilizer production, steel pickling and food manufacturing.
Improper lifting can cause serious back injuries. The ideal way to move heavy objects is to avoid lifting them altogether by using a dolly or hand cart. If this is not possible, there are ways that you can lower your chances of injury by following safe lifting procedures. These techniques decrease the strain on your lower back by placing the force on your legs, which are better equipped to handle the additional stress.
When individuals consider getting a tattoo, many take time to research the associated health risks beforehand, but safety risks exist too for the tattoo artists themselves. Tattoo artists may not have the needle going into their skin, but they do face many of the same risks that their clients too, especially when it comes to cross-contamination. The safety procedures tattoo artists follow are thus as much about protecting themselves as clients.
Not all bullet-proof vests are actually bullet proof and some types are more effective than others. Those designed for use by soldiers are reinforced with hard armor plate, which also makes them heavier and able to withstand heavier-gauge fire. Most police departments and security forces have used soft vests for more than 20 years. These will not stop large-caliber ammunition, but are effective in most situations. Bullet-proof vests are usually filled with Kevlar -- a microscopic material made from polymer that looks like tightly woven gauze but has the strength of steel. Kevlar vests are light and generally very effective.
All workplaces have to observe strict health and safety laws with regard to employees, with a major concern being dust. Dust can result from wood being cut, packaging and general debris and can lead to respiratory illnesses, eye or skin conditions. Although employers should deal with many of these issues, certain precautions should be taken by the employee.
An inclined plane is defined as a plane surface set at an angle anywhere between zero and 90 degrees against a horizontal surface. Inclined planes have been used for thousands of years to lessen the burden of carrying heavy loads, particularly up high altitudes. Examples of where inclined planes are applied include sloping roads, ramps, hatchets, chisels and plows.
Styrene is a lightweight yet solid plastic material with a range of densities. The plastic is a polymer of styrene gas and commonly exists in three forms, including expanded styrene or Styrofoam, sheet styrene, or injection molded mechanical styrene. Styrene plastic sheets are easily manipulated and have an extensive list of industrial applications.
Corrugated steel pipes, commonly used in storm sewers, culverts and storm water detention systems, are able to withstand harsh environmental conditions and burial depths. They also give structure and support to buildings where they are installed. Several coatings and linings are available to improve durability, including galvanizing, with corrugated steel providing the core strength.
Properly using and maintaining an autoclave ensures that medical instruments are sterilized according to the highest infection control standards. Although most surgical equipment today is made of stainless steel, proper care is still required to make sure your autoclave performs the necessary functions in creating a sterile environment.
When chilled to at least -346 degrees Fahrenheit, liquid nitrogen resembles boiling water. Scientists, doctors and hobbyists use liquid nitrogen at various temperatures for immobilizing malignant cells, treating warts, cooling computer systems, cooking, even creating fast-frozen balloons for entertainment. Liquid nitrogen carries with it hazards related to its super-cold properties and its high content of potentially noxious gas.
A forward curve fan, also known as a forward curved fan, has fan blades that curve into the direction of the rotation. If the fan turns clockwise, meaning that the blade turns right at the top of the rotation, the blade curves toward the left to the trailing, or back, edge in a straight line. These fans are used in a number of heating, venting and air conditioning (HVAC) applications. While these fans have utilization they also have their limitations.
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the construction industry is a high-hazard industry because of the nature of the environment and responsibilities that workers are required to see through. Hard hats are personal protective equipment pieces that protect the heads of workers in construction and other industrial environments. A hard hat can save your life, but it is only effective if the hat is worn properly.
California law stipulates that every worker has the right to a safe and healthy workplace. The state's Division of Occupational Safety and Health enforces laws governing an employer's use of spray chemicals that could be harmful to employees. Employees must be informed about the type of chemicals in any product they use or come into contact with, according to California health and safety regulations.
Crime laboratories contain supplies of toxic, potentially hazardous chemicals that are used for processing evidence. To protect their health and safety, lab workers must follow certain precautions, which include using proper work practices, wearing protective clothing, knowing how to operate ventilation equipment and adhering to procedures for tracking and handling chemicals.
To protect pharmaceutical workers from overexposure to an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) during the manufacture of medicines, a potency classification system was developed. This classification system takes into consideration acceptable occupational exposure limits (OEL) during initial manufacturing, tablet or capsule formation and final packaging.
Many state departments of public health and environmental protection require that commercial refrigerators contain a leak log. A commercial refrigerator is defined as an appliance containing a refrigerant gas system that exceeds 50 lb. For the purposes of safety and protection, it is imperative that you track and log all leaks and repairs to the gas system.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines the manufacturing sector as businesses that transform materials, substances or components into new products. In 2010, manufacturing jobs employed almost 12 million workers in the U.S. The environment, equipment, materials and nature of the process, along with the close proximity of the workers, causes a substantial number of work accidents. The Bureau reports that in 2009 the five most common types were, in descending order, contact with objects, overexertion, falls, repetitive motion and exposure to harmful substances or environment.
Photo identification badges and key cards support the security of business, health care and educational institutions. They make it more difficult for unauthorized people to enter premises and mingle with the people who belong there. There are, however, some circumstances in which wearing a badge, especially one dangling on a lanyard around your neck, can pose a risk.
Extended exposure to loud noise can degrade a person's hearing over time. For employees in loud working environments exposure to occupational hearing loss is a real risk. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has mandated hearing conservation programs administered by employers who subject employees to a time-weighted average of 90 decibels or more in an 8-hour shift. Calculation of occupational noise exposure is done by taking direct measurements using a sound-level meter and using a mathematical equation to determine noise dosage. The dosage can be used to determine an employee's time-weighted average to occupational noise exposure through the use of…
As more and more people perform more tasks in front of their computers, the placement of the keyboard and mouse becomes more critical. Typing at a computer is a very low intensity way to perform tasks, so it's difficult for people to see how a keyboard could cause injury. It involves no strenuous activity or heavy weights. However, a misplaced keyboard setup can put strain on a person's arms, wrists, back and shoulders. This strain is not immediately noticeable, but over a long period of time the strain can result in wear and tear. Known as repetitive strain injury, it…
Emergency Lighting is an essential portion of any emergency route plan for both public and private buildings. It is designed to be activated in the event power is interrupted to a facility and illuminate key areas, such as exit paths and stairwells to avoid confusion and lessen the chance for personal injury in such instances. Emergency lights utilize internal battery, capacitors or emergency generators to generate light in the absence of regular power. Federal safety standards, such as the Life Safety Code of the National Fire Protection Association, dictate that emergency lights be tested on a monthly and annual basis.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, otherwise known as OSHA, regulates safety in workplaces throughout the U.S. Part of its regulations hold employers somewhat accountable for workplace accidents by requiring incident reports. The OSHA DART rate is an incidence rate that OSHA has employers compute and compare to national averages.
Prior to the Focused Inspections Initiative in 1994, construction inspections were time-consuming and comprehensive. When an inspector went to a job site, rather than focusing on areas where construction workers might be injured or even killed, the inspections looked at all areas. In order to expedite construction time and construction costs, the concept of focused inspections became the standard practice, concentrating on the four most critical hazards on a job site.
Electricity is highly fluid, flowing to the ground through anything, such as a human body, that conducts current. According to the Tennessee Valley Authority, power companies spend thousands of dollars to make sure people and electric wires stay away from one another. However, dangerous situations, such as the severe thunderstorms of summer or the ice storms of winter, can develop. Following these tips for staying out of harm's way can help save many lives.
Firefighters engage in dangerous activities during their work fighting fires, effecting rescues and dealing with emergency situations. In 2010, 72 on-duty firefighter deaths occurred in the U.S. In addition, approximately 80,000 firefighters are injured each year. The fire service provides firefighters with personal protective equipment, or PPE, to minimize the risk of injury and death in the course of their duties.
This fine, white powder is so common that it can be purchased on eBay for home concoctions of soap, lip color or ceramic glazes. Few buyers know that the pigment originates as a colorful crystalline mineral found in ore in large quantities in Australia, Canada, India, Norway, South Africa, Ukraine and the United States. Most titanium dioxide (T102) is produced from ruby-colored, blue or yellow-brown minerals such as rutile or anatase through a process of oxidation (combining the ground minerals with oxygen).
Improper lifting of heavy objects can result in back injury. Office workers who wish to avoid injury from strain or overexertion need to practice basic safety procedures so they can safely lift and carry heavy objects. While no activity is risk-free, with proper planning and procedure, you can significantly reduce your risk of injury from heavy lifting.
Atmospheric testing is a cornerstone of safety in confined space entry operations. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reinforced the importance of this step in a 2004 fatality investigation where an Oregon tank mechanic lost his life after he entered a confined space without first testing the atmosphere. In its recommendations NIOSH states the critical importance of not only testing the confined space for atmospheric hazards but also ensuring that all levels of the space -- top, middle and bottom -- are evaluated by a qualified person.
Fire extinguishers are pressurized cylinders containing an extinguishing agent that is specially designed to extinguish a specific type of fire. Extinguishers have their contents pressurized to a level that will allow for a fire to be extinguished in a matter of seconds, but only if the extinguisher itself is properly maintained. Many states require fire protection specialists to inspect extinguishers on a regular basis. According to the State of Minnesota Department of Health, fire extinguisher maintenance is required annually and hydrostatic testing is required every six years,
Although there are no health hazards from iron in solid form, prolonged or repeated exposure to dust and fumes from processing the material can harm your health. Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear protective equipment when handling this material.
Unintentional needle sticks have always been an occupational hazard for nurses, phlebotomists, first responders and physicians; each incident carries the risk of blood-borne pathogens or diseases. In the 1990s, research established that transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is possible via blood and other body fluids; this prompted the health care field to begin to develop "needle-less" systems to lessen the potential for unintentional needlesticks. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) established specific policies regarding employee "needlestick and sharps injuries" following passage of the 106th Congress passage of Public Law 106-430 in November 2000.
Hypromellose phthalate, which is also known as hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate, is a colorless, odorless white powder. It is used in building materials as a component of tile adhesive, as an ingredient in certain over-the-counter eyedrops, and as an excipient, or nonreactive binding agent, in various pharmaceutical pills.
Hydrogen sulphide gas, abbreviated as H2S, "is a colorless, flammable, extremely hazardous gas with a 'rotten egg' smell," according to the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA). It is found in manure pits and sewer lines as well as natural gas operations. It can cause suffocation and eye irritation.
The Occupational & Safety Health Administration provides guidelines for documenting workplace injuries such as accidental needlesticks. These injuries are hazardous due to risk of exposure to infectious materials. The OSHA Form 300 -- Log of Work-Related Illnesses and Injuries -- is used to document these injuries. The severity classification of the injury is determined by the outcome -- death, number of days away from work, resulting work restrictions and advanced first aid interventions required. Specific documentation procedures are required for needlestick injuries.
Since its creation in 1836 in America, the fire helmet has undergone many changes to incorporate safety components. Changes made for unit identification through the use of fire helmet fronts have also developed. A fire helmet front is a large badge-like item identifying the unit to which a firefighter belongs.
Firefighters place their lives at risk each time they answer a fire call. Not only is the fire itself hazardous, but the items burning within the structure can exude harmful chemical gasses and liquids. One particularly dangerous chemical compound, called polychlorinated biphenyls, are common in many items throughout and surrounding a building, from electrical transformers to light fixtures. Firefighters exposed to PCBs need to have their fire gear inspected for contamination.
Powder coating refers to a system for applying paint to a surface by using dry paint. The dry paint is in the form of a powder, which you may spray on the surface. The two major types of powder for powder coating are thermoplastic powders and thermosetting powders. The powder coating process involves some safety hazards, which you can minimize by observing safety measures.
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, about 2.3 million construction workers utilize scaffolds frequently. Scaffolds, which consist of platforms supported by a frame and base structure, serve as temporary and moveable working areas to help workers reach heights above ground level. The two typical types of scaffolds, suspended and supported, have similar base, frame, stabilization and protection parts.
Though your friends might make fun of you, an injury from a beer keg is no laughing matter. Beer kegs can weigh around 167 lbs., according to the United States Department of Labor, and anyone who must routinely lift kegs, such as delivery or bar staff, can put themselves at risk. The safest way to handle kegs is to lift them as infrequently as possible. When you must lift the keg, take care to do it in the safest manner.
Light intensity is measured in two ways. In the United States and other non-metric countries, a unit of light intensity is called a foot candle. In countries that use the metric system, the unit of light intensity is a lux. It's important for building managers and ergonomic engineers to know the lux level in a building so workers can avoid potential health issues, such as eye strain, that come with too little light.
Nitrogen in its gaseous form is a nontoxic, odorless and colorless gas that is often stored in pressurized cylinders. Nitrogen gas is often referred to as inert, and makes up around 78 percent of the Earth's atmosphere, totaling around 4,000 trillion tons, according to Iowa State University.
Most police departments insist that their officers wear clip-on ties due to safety concerns with the traditional necktie. While an iconic part of the male wardrobe, a necktie increases the risk of personal injury, especially in a job as dangerous as police work. Criminals can use a necktie against an arresting office in a fight, but not all necktie dangers are so obvious. Regular use of a necktie can also affect personal health.
Proper disposal of oily rags can avert a true disaster in your home or workplace. It is never advisable to reuse these rags, mostly due to the fact that washing them really doesn't work all that well. Instead, your goal should be to soak them in a safe manner where they are out of harms way, and where they can be easily collected when your community removes hazardous waste materials.
The Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) helps to ensure that businesses provide their employees with healthy and safe working conditions. OSHA creates and enforces laws that help to create safer working conditions for businesses. The administration covers and provides assistance for both small and large businesses. There are many steps to getting started with OSHA so that they have systems, procedures and record-keeping tools in place so that you can better protect your business and employees.
A firefighter's bunker gear represents his best defense against the dangers of his job, from fire and falling debris to hazardous materials. If this protective gear becomes contaminated with a chemical or biological hazard and is not properly cleaned or replaced, it could pose serious health risks to the firefighter.
Fiber optic systems transmit digital information using light -- visible or infra-red. The pulses of light are sent down cables made up of long glass-like filaments. Because light is involved and because these filaments are very friable, special precautions are necessary when installing and using fiber optic cables. Strong light sources can be hazardous to eyesight, while fragments of broken fiber optic cable can cause injury.
Any workplace has inherent hazards, which are essentially threats to the health and safety of staff or customers; bakeries, which are full of ingredients and contain hot objects such as ovens, have more than their fair share of hazards. Individuals working in a bakery should ensure that they're aware of hazards and how to deal with them safely.
Auditoriums and theaters pose special safety concerns for access and egress during assemblies. The special concerns in large part can be focused on stairways, which must have, at a minimum, adequate directional signage and lightning to ensure the safety of patrons in the case of emergency in such facilities.
The American National Standards Institute's (ANSI's) Z358.1 standard sets the guideline for eyewash stations for industrial emergencies. The standard is for plumbed and self-contained eyewash stations. Though considered voluntary, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspectors use the code and have shut down plants for not complying with it. ANSI Z358.1 has five sections that describe emergency showers, wash equipment and supplemental equipment.
The United States Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) regulates the amount of noise a worker can be exposed to in the workplace. This includes both maximum bursts of noise and a baseline of noise throughout the day. The regulations include "mitigations" employers may put in place for workplaces that feature high noise levels. States, counties, cities, and employers may choose to enact stricter noise codes, but the OSHA standards represent a minimum for the entire country.
To ensure employees working in industries or places associated with combustible and flammable liquids are safe, the federal authorities introduced the combustible and flammable liquid checklist through the Occupational Safety and Health Act. The law was enacted to ensure all employees and employers comply with the safety requirements associated with safe handling of combustible products.
The nature of your work may require you to use chemicals on a daily basis. Perhaps you're a chemist, a pharmacist or a factory employee. Even those who call a cubicle their second home are exposed to chemicals in the workplace, from the hand soap in the washroom and the air freshener to the hand sanitizer on their desks. Those who handle hazardous chemicals face more potential danger than office workers, but precautions should be taken in every workplace to ensure adequate personal and environmental safety.
If you are a worker who is going to be spending some time high off the ground, it is a good idea to invest in a fall arrest system. Fall arrest systems are harnesses that prevent you from seriously injuring yourself in the event of a fall from a tall structure. Using a fall arrest system is easy, but it does require a great attention to detail as one oversight could lead to injury or death on the job.
Visiting nurses are based in the community and often go into patients' homes to provide nursing services. Home healthcare is a convenience to patients who are not mobile, but visiting nurses must exercise caution when it comes to providing such assistance. By understanding what some of the safety concerns are, visiting nurses can protect themselves and avoid unsafe situations.
While your lap is a convenient place to put your laptop or notebook computer, it is not always the best option. If possible, place your laptop on a flat and hard surface such as a counter or table top. If you must use your lap, do so sparingly because the risks of keeping your computer on your lap are not worth the convenience.
Work zones are high-risk work environments road construction or other road work. Such environments breed safety risks and hazards to workers, which is why it is critical for work zone managers to institute safety inspection checklists. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, workers have the right to a safe work environment, so it becomes the responsibility of the work zone manager to ensure that safety inspection checklists are comprehensive enough to account for various types of safety hazards.
Pre-filled syringes are a method of packaging frequently used medications in common doses and dilutions to facilitate ease of use. This method of medication preparation is helpful in emergency situations because drawing up medications is time consuming. A consideration during any medication administration is the integrity of that medication. Pre-filled syringes undergo vigorous quality control procedures to ensure they maintain their integrity throughout the packaging process. As the medication sits on shelves or in ambulances, the medication may be altered by light, heat or damage. There are some methods to employ that ensure the integrity of the syringe and medication…
Beta rays refer to the emission of beta particles (symbolized by the lowercase Greek character of the same name.) Beta particles are simply electrons that have been accelerated to a highly energetic state. Along with gamma rays and alpha particles, beta rays are classified as ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation is dangerous to living matter (including people), and so it is important to understand its causes to know how to avoid potential health concerns.
The field of microbiology can be risky when handling certain materials and equipment. Safety measures are required by workers and employers alike to prevent injury and spread of possible infectious and hazardous substances. Special clothing, labeling and equipment are a part of standard safety precautions. Other precautions that should not go unnoticed are public and employee education and government inspection.
Fire sprinklers are an essential part of an overall commercial or residential fire protection program. Depending on the media used in the sprinkler head and the method of activation, these systems can be depended on to extinguish fires or suppress the intensity and control the spread of a fire. Several aspects of a sprinkler system must be inspected on a regular basis to avoid sprinkler system impairment.
Dealing with normal daily schedules is hard on an individual. Family, appointments, shopping, friends and even entertainment all revolve around work. Most people find it hard enough to fit everything in when the job is a regular day shift. Unfortunately, working 12-hour rotating shifts makes it even harder to maintain a social life. With all the juggling, workers need to be extra careful with their health.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines a confined space as a space a worker can enter which is not designed for continuous occupancy and has limited means of entrance and egress. These types of work spaces are common in industry and can be identified as vaults, manholes, hoppers, pits, vats, tunnels and similar types of spaces. Potential hazards in these types of work spaces can be immediately dangerous to life and health. The Oklahoma State University safety and health program identifies these hazards as toxic atmosphere, engulfment, entrapment and various other mechanical and biological hazards outlining the importance…
Because of the vastly different tasks forklifts are required to do in industrial and commercial work environments, several different types and classifications of forklifts have been developed. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration classifies forklifts with internal combustion engines that run on gasoline as class G forklifts. These types of forklifts' main characteristic is a lack of substantial protection against fire and explosion.
Grain is usually stored in a silo, a tall tower or a pit, often located on a farm or a grain storage facility. Chronic inhaling of grain dust can result in a number of lung problems; in addition, grain dust is highly combustible and can ignite, causing serious burns. According to the United States Department of Labor, more than 600 explosions occurred in U.S. grain handling facilities during the past 40 years, killing over 250 people and injured more than 1,000.
Bromine (Br) is a highly toxic reddish brown liquid substance with a powerful, suffocating odor. The liquid can be fatal when inhaled and causes eye and skin burns and ulcers upon contact. Due to bromine's hazardous properties, only highly trained professionals should handle the substance, using extreme care and reliable laboratory equipment. Always work in a well ventilated area when handling bromine, and seek medical aid immediately in case of accidental ingestion, inhalation or skin or eye contact.
The mining industry poses unique occupational hazards to its workers and to those living in the vicinity of rock quarries. Explosives and cutting of stone in quarries releases particulate matter into the air, which can cause human illness such as silicosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Another significant negative effect is the noise generated by the mining, which has been linked to hearing loss for quarry workers.
Bullying is a problem for both children and adults. The American Medical Association recently reported that more than 3.2 million students are victims of bullying each year, and a 2010 Workplace Bullying Institute study revealed that 8.8 percent of working adults felt they were currently being bullied. Mob bullying is a particularly dangerous form of bullying that involves a group of people ganging up on one individual. In a mob, there are often only a few people doing the actual bullying and a number of people who are bystanders.
Freon is a liquid or gas that acts as a pressurizer or coolant. Freon, the brand name of a Dupont chemical product, was the refigerant of choice for car air conditioners and refigeration systems. Scientists since have deemed Freon environmentally harmful, and many nations have banned or restricted its use. Freon also can affect the health of indiviuals, although the degree to which it affects different peoples varies considerably.
Glass recycling involves a crushing process so that the glass can be melted down and formed into new goods more efficiently. This crushing process creates glass dust, which can be inhaled and cause injury to pulmonary tissues as well as lead to the formation of several types of cancer, including mesothelioma and renal carcinoma.
Federal Signal's PA300 series sirens can provide wail, yelp and Hi-Lo siren tones. Other features can include public address, radio re-broadcast and air horn. One of the sirens uses a rapid yelp priority tone instead of the Hi-Lo tone. Tap functionality allows the user to change from wail to yelp or back again using the vehicle's horn control. Installation involves mounting the PA300 and then wiring the power cable along with the radio and horn ring, if desired.
PPI stands for partial permanent disability. It is a percentage that is used to determine the amount of a permanent disability settlement. PPI can only be determined by a medical doctor, but there are guidelines that can be used to help determine it. The primary source used for determining PPI is the AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment. However, due to the significant differences found when multiple medical professionals evaluate the same patient, some places are moving away from using the AMA Guides. California, for example, no longer accepts it as a standard for impairment in worker's compensation…
Dust masks are a common sight at any worksite that involves significant amounts of dust or powder that workers could breathe in. While a dust mask is an essential piece of workplace safety equipment in such an environment, and is often the best available choice for the job, the masks are not without drawbacks.
Phosphoric acid spills must be cleaned up properly, and as soon as possible after the spill occurs. Depending on the strength of the dilution, this green, oily acid can burn your skin, and any acid fumes can be dangerous to inhale. Thankfully, the cleaning process is uncomplicated, but it is important to take care and use the correct cleaning neutralization substance and tools.
Hoyer lifts allow caregivers to transfer with minimal effort children who have limited mobility. Hoyer offers both manual and power lifts. The manual lift has a hand pump and hydraulic cylinders while the powered lift uses a rechargeable battery pack and a push-button control. One person can operate the lift after training. The Hoyer lift requires only minor adjustments for use with children.