What Is the Concept of Environmental Management?


Environmental management takes an approach of managing an entire ecosystem instead of focusing only on specific resources, such as air, water or trees. A plan must balance the needs of humans as well as the environment.


  • Before environmental management was prevalent in the United States, there was a focus on natural resources management. Groups sought to draw attention to specific examples of natural resources exploitation, such as deforestation of an area in the name of real estate development.


  • In the 21st century, environmental management involves integrating the safeguarding of natural resources and ecosystems with land development. Integration means that whenever a change is proposed that will affect the environment, such as construction, various impacts will factor into the selection of a solution.

Long-Term Approach

  • The goals of environmental management are long-term, not merely reactionary as is natural resource management. The planning of how to safeguard resources for the future includes considering both short-term and long-term consequences. This is sometimes called stewardship instead of resource management.

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