Sour cherries are used in fruit pies, jellies and jams. Cherries require a chilling period, or a certain number of hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit to blossom and set fruit, so they don't grow in warm winter areas. Sour cherries aren't sweet when ripe.
Cherries will break bud when the weather warms up in spring and the last frost has passed. When that happens depends on where you live. Colder climates in the north or in the Midwest have a late last frost in the spring, so the cherries ripen later than climates where spring comes earlier. For example, tart cherries ripen in mid July in Wisconsin and mid June in Virginia.
The cherries turn from green to straw colored. They then turn from straw to peach to blushed with red and then deep red. When the cherries are deep red they're ripe.
Different varieties of sour or tart cherries have different blooming times and time to ripening. For example, Meteor ripens a week later than North Star, while Danube ripens a week earlier than Montgomery. That's a three week period from the first ripening cherries to the last.
- Photo Credit ITStock Free/Polka Dot/Getty Images
How to Ripen Bing Cherries Off a Tree
The Bing cherry tree (Prunus avium) was cultivated in Oregon in the 1870s. Its fruit has sweet-tasting flesh, with dark red or...
How to Tell If My Cherry Trees Are Ripe
Cherries require harvesting at full maturity since the fruits won't ripen further after they are picked. Most of the cherries on a...