Ficus elastica is also known as the rubber tree or Indian rubber tree and is a member of the Moraceae family. Ficus trees are often used as an indoor plant or outdoors as a screen or shade tree.
Ficus elastica have green, glossy evergreen leaves that range from 5 to 12 inches in length and are oval in shape. Leaves have a course texture and the canopy of the tree is dense and thick. Ficus elastica leaves do not change colors in the fall months.
Considered a fast growing tree, it often reaches heights of over 100 feet in its native habitat, but when grown in the landscape usually reaches 30 to 45 feet in height and 25 to 30 feet wide.
Preferring full sun or partial shade, Ficus elastica grows best in well-drained soil. When grown indoors in containers, it prefers medium light. This tree is drought tolerant and tolerates soil that remains wet for short periods of time. Ficus elastica is resistant to most damaging pests and diseases. Scale insects are occasionally a problem.
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