What Is Case Conceptualization?

Save

In psychology, case conceptualization or case formulation describes the process of taking interview data from a patient to create a model describing the patient's symptoms and determine a plan of action for treatment. Multiple forms of case conceptualization exist, each using different models to describe how information from the patient is organized and interpreted.

The Four P's

  • One of the simpler methods of case conceptualization is the "four P's" method, which organizes information from the patient into four categories: predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating and protective factors. The information gained from the interview is placed in these categories to understand the patient's current situation. For example, a patient's low self-confidence might be related to the predisposing factor of an overly critical home life together with the perpetuating factor of continued internal self-criticism, leading him to avoid conflict and opportunities for self-advancement -- a protective factor.

Constructing a Treatment Plan

  • With the information organized, the psychologist can now construct a model of how the patient's symptoms operate and can begin to create direction for treatment. More complex models of case conceptualization use different base categories than the four P's and/or add additional categories to create more specific and detailed models of a patient's thoughts and behavior.

References

  • Photo Credit Pogonici/iStock/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet

Resources

You May Also Like

  • What Is a CASE Tool?

    Computer aided software engineering (CASE) tools are automated productivity aids that help software developers work more efficiently.

  • How to Write a Case Study

    Case studies are used in academic and professional settings as a research method. Though there are several types of case studies such...

  • How to Write a Psychological Case Report in APA Style

    Within the social sciences, most instructors require that reports and research papers adhere to the APA (American Psychological Association) official style guidelines....

  • How to Write a Psychological Case Study

    Case studies have been an important part of psychological practice and literature since the era of Sigmund Freud. A thoroughly written case...

  • Four Basic Metaparadigm Concepts in Nursing

    A *metaparadigm* is a set of theories or ideas that provide structure for how a discipline should function. For a nursing discipline,...

  • Phases of the Design Process

    The process and stages of design vary depending on several factors, including the type of project you're working on, how big or...

  • What Is Solution-Focused Counseling?

    Solution-focused therapy is a type of counseling that can be covered by insurance providers and will be goal-oriented in its approach. Find...

Related Searches

Check It Out

This Is the Beauty Routine of a Yelp Sales Manager

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!