Types of Construction: Platform, Balloon, & Post & Beam

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Platform, balloon and post and beam are framing methods used in house construction. Platform and balloon construction involve using wall and floor studs and post and beam uses joinery of wood pieces to create a sturdy frame.

Platform

  • In platform construction, walls sit on top of the sub-flooring of each level. Multistory houses are built one level at a time, as each floor has a sturdy platform for building the next series of walls. Studs provide stability for each level and hold the framework together.

Balloon

  • Balloon construction was prevalent before the 1930s for building multistory homes. Today, studs for this type of framework are expensive and hard to find. Stucco homes are still built using this method, which involves running studs up the entire height of the house, from the mudsill to the top plate and building around the full height structure.

Post and Beam

  • Post and beam construction occurs with wood framework, and has been used for centuries. No nails or studs are used to construct; instead, wood pieces are joined together and locked with pegs of wood. The skeleton of the framework is often visible within the interior of the house. Quality-built post and beam houses are able to resist the forces of wind and natural disasters, such as earthquakes.

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References

  • Photo Credit old home image by pearlguy from Fotolia.com metal studs image by Greg Pickens from Fotolia.com plastering,stucco image by Greg Pickens from Fotolia.com LOG CABIN HOMES image by PICTURETIME from Fotolia.com
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