Members of the lilac family (Syringa) are trees or shrubs and are not native to North America, with most originating from Asia or Europe. Dwarf hybrids of lilacs exist for landscaping use, with many suitable for a variety of purposes.
Types of dwarf lilac shrubs include the Maiden's Blush, a hybrid of early lilac (Syringa oblate). The Avalanche cultivar is a hybrid of the common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), while Little Boy Blue is another dwarf shrub of this species. Bloomerang is a lilac dwarf shrub that is the result of a cross between other lilac plants.
Many shrub lilacs and their cultivars grow to heights well over 6 feet, but the dwarf cultivars are considerably smaller. For example, the Bloomerang hybrid matures to between 3 and 4 feet, while Maiden's Blush develops to 6 feet, or about half the size of the species. Little Boy Blue tops out at between 3 and 5 feet.
The dwarf lilacs produce the same types of fragrant flowers that are a trademark of the species, but their smaller size enables landscapers to use them in shrub borders, as foundation plants and to create hedges. Dwarf lilacs are effective as specimen plants grown alone to attract attention or in masses where room allows.
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