Prior to gas and electricity, burning wood was the primary way to heat up dinner or warm up a room. The invention of the electric oven, despite having a slow start commercially, soon became the ideal way to cook and prepare a meal across America and the world.
The Initial Spark
The electric oven could not have existed without electricity being discovered first. While folklore states that Benjamin Franklin discovered electricity while flying a kite, the actual history is more complex. Hans Christian Oersted, Michael Faraday, Andre Ampere, Alessandro Volta, Franklin and other scientists and inventors combined their knowledge to place electricity, and electrical appliances, into our homes.
It wasn't until 1889 that the first electric oven was installed. The installation took place in a hotel in Switzerland. In 1893, the electric oven debuted at the Chicago's World Fair and was soon being sold in Britain. By the 1930s, electric ovens began outselling gas ovens in America for domestic kitchen use.
In 1912, the Copeman Electric Stove Company earned the first patent for the electric stove. Since that time, numerous companies have developed electric ovens including Kenmore and GE. Advancements include electric ovens that broil, slow cook, have multiple burners, and self-clean.
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