Elm Tree Identification


Tall American elm trees (Ulmus americana) are rare in North America, since an ailment called Dutch elm disease lets few large specimens survive. Elms are appropriate as street and shade trees in the landscape and are recognizable from certain characteristics.

Size and Form

  • American elm trees grow to 80 or 90 feet when Dutch elm disease fails to afflict them. Most grow no taller than 40 feet before the disease takes its toll, eventually killing the trees after stunting their growth. American elms have three different forms, with most having a vase-like shape, others resembling oak trees with spreading branches and others being narrow with several branches low on their trunk.


  • Study the leaves of American elm, looking for about 15 separate pairs of veins running through them. The foliage is from 3 to 6 inches long, possesses serrated edges, has an asymmetrical base with one side higher than the other and is dark green. Fall colors include yellow and a pale greenish tint. Elm leaves come off the tree in autumn.

Other Features

  • The seeds of elms are round, with a distinct notch at their top. The seeds ripen during late spring and fall to the ground. Elm bark is dark gray, with ridges running through it.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • Elm Trees & Mushrooms

    When mushroom hunting, one of the most commonly used tools is tree identification. Many mushroom hunters have identified the elm as the...

  • Elm Tree Leaf Identification

    There are some differences in size and minor differences in shape of the leaves on deciduous elm trees in the Ulma genus...

  • How to Identify Elm Trees

    Elms are deciduous trees that have existed on Earth for over 40 million years. Elms have been widely used for their beauty...

  • How to Identify Elm & Ash Trees

    The American elm is a majestic tree, native to the eastern United States from the Gulf Coast to southern portions of Canada....

  • How to Identify Dead Elm Trees

    Dead elm trees not only create an eyesore for landscapes, but they also can host a number of fungal diseases. It is...

  • How Do I Identify Elm Trees in Spring?

    Elm trees are long-living trees with some reaching the age of 300 years old, according to the Elm Care website. They are...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Make a Vertical Clay Pot Garden

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!