American ginseng, or Panax quinquefolius, is an herbaceous perennial that thrives in shady locations in cool, temperate climates, according to North Carolina Cooperative Extension. Foliage dies back at the end of every growing season, returning in the spring, with mature plants flowering annually.
Late April marks the beginning of the growing period for ginseng. Flowers appear shortly thereafter, in late spring.
Ginseng plants bloom and produce seeds beginning in the third year. Before this time plants spend time and energy on foliage growth and root development.
Avoid this three-year waiting period by purchasing 3-year-old rootlets for planting, suggests Ohio State University Extension. Proper growing conditions, including shade at least 75 percent of the time and a moist environment, help ginseng thrive and reach developmental stages as soon as possible.
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