Fruit Tree Planting Guide


Fruit trees thrive in the home landscape when planted correctly. To ensure healthy growth and maximum fruit production, keep critical planting requirements in mind.


  • There are many home garden fruit trees. Some deciduous types are apple, pear, plum, apricot, fig, peach, nectarine and cherry. Evergreen selections include semi-tropical and tropical trees such as citrus, banana, lychee, mango, papaya, passion fruit and guava.

Time Frame

  • Plant fruit trees in early spring once the ground has thawed and is no longer waterlogged.

Planting Site

  • Locate fruit trees in a minimum of six hours of sun a day. Soil should be well-draining and provide at least 18 inches of topsoil above the hardpan. Plant in raised beds if such conditions don't exist.

Soil Preparation

  • Dig the planting hole the depth of the root-ball and at least twice as wide. Don't dig the soil at the bottom of the hole because this may cause the tree to sink after planting.


  • Trim off damaged roots. Place the root-ball in the planting hole so the mound above the roots (bud union) is 2 to 4 inches above the soil surface. Backfill with excavated soil and firmly pat down as you go until the bud union is 1 to 2 inches above ground. Water thoroughly.

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  • Photo Credit over-laden fruit tree image by Alfonso d'Agostino from
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