The Industrial Relations Act of 1973 provides rules and regulations for the registration and administration of labor unions, as well as laws regarding industrial disputes and government bodies that act as arbitrators in industrial disputes in Mauritius.
Prior to 1973, there were no comparable pieces of legislation regarding labor unions or industrial disputes in Mauritius. While there have been many attempts to amend, update or remove the Industrial Relations Act, for various reasons since its establishment, today most of the act exists in its original form.
Labor Union Registration
All labor unions must register with the Registrar of Associations within three months of their creation, with an accompanying administration fee and two copies of the union’s rules. The registrar can still disband the union for a variety of reasons ranging from the belief that the union is about to engage in criminal or other activities that are dangerous to public safety, to the union denying membership to any worker within its industry.
Three government bodies established by the act known as the Permanent Arbitration Tribunal, the Industrial Relations Commission and the National Remuneration Board adjudicate during disputes between labor unions and companies. All three bodies must act in the interests of all parties as well as the public and the need to ensure a healthy economy. Their jurisdictions can vary as decided by parliament.