The Difference Between Recruitment & Selection

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The recruitment and selection processes are vital to avoiding costly hiring mistakes.
The recruitment and selection processes are vital to avoiding costly hiring mistakes. (Image: Group of business people working together in the office. image by Andrey Kiselev from Fotolia.com)

Recruitment and selection is a vital role of the human resources department. Proper use of these techniques helps to ensure a company does not encounter costly hiring mistakes.

Recruitment

Recruitment begins with sourcing potential applicants. The hiring manger, human resources department or recruiter may use job boards, college recruitment programs, job fairs, networking and social media to create interest in available positions within the company. Prescreening interviews, skill testing, background and reference checks are part of the recruitment process.

Selection

Selection is the process in which the candidate pool is narrowed and an applicant is chosen. The selection process may involve a series of interviews, personality assessments and criminal background checks. Negotiations of salary, benefits and job duties are the final stage of the selection process.

Relationship Between Recruitment and Selection

While different members of the human resources or management team may be responsible for various aspects of the recruitment and selection processes, the two go hand in hand. Thorough planning and evaluation of the hiring process are essential to avoid a hiring mistake.

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