What Are Car Bumpers Made Of?


Although the makeup of car bumpers has changed over the years, this vital component of your vehicle plays an integral role in modern transportation safety. Bumpers protect the vital components on your car by reducing collision damage.


  • Frederick Simms invented the car bumper in 1901. The first car bumpers were made of metal beams attached to both the front and rear of a car for the purpose of protecting a car in a low-speed collision.


  • Generally, car bumpers are made of a plastic cover reinforced by a bar made of steel, fiberglass composite, plastic or aluminum. In addition to crushable brackets and a bar, bumpers sometimes incorporate polypropylene foam or formed thermoplastic. These additional components act as spacers between the bumper and bar, not as energy absorbers.


  • Bumpers protect important equipment on your car such as headlights, taillights, hood and exhaust and cooling systems. These components are all expensive to replace, and a bumper can eliminate or reduce the costs of repairing them.


  • The attributes of a good car bumper include geometry, energy absorption and stability. These traits allow a bumper to line up flush with an opposing bumper in order to absorb any impact and maintain stability.


  • While most bumpers have a standard design to protect important components on a car, some are designed for style. This emphasis on style often reduces a bumper's, resulting in decreased effectiveness in resisting damage during a crash.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit dinosaurs image by Scott Williams from Fotolia.com
Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • What Kind of Plastic Is Used for Car Bumpers?

    Car bumpers are a vehicle's first line of defense from the bump and grind of the outside world. Car bumpers need to...

  • Bumper Cover Repair

    Until the use of plastics in car construction became widespread in the 1980s, bumpers on cars were largely made of rubber or...

  • How to Recycle Car Bumpers

    Auto Alliance Driving Innovation terms auto recycling the 16th largest industry in the United States, with about 7,000 auto recycling facilities in...

  • What Kind of Metals Are Cars Made From?

    More goes into the making of a car than meets the eye. A variety of different materials such as metal, plastic, rubber,...

  • Types of Car Bumpers

    Car bumpers have seen a huge amount of modification over the years as our understanding of materials and safety has improved. Modern...

  • Car Bumper Components

    Automobile car bumpers have the important function of lessening low- or high-speed impacts from the front or rear of the vehicle. Numerous...

  • How to Detail Car Bumpers

    To detail car bumpers, which are usually made of plastic or vinyl, wash it with mild soap and eliminate scratches with a...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How To Travel For Free With Reward Points

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!