The gallbladder is an organ in the digestive system that sits adjacent to the liver and collects and stores bile that is produced in the liver. Doctors may remove a patient’s gallbladder if gallstones are blocking bile flow.
According to the Mayo Clinic, physicians may surgically remove a person’s gallbladder because of gallstones in the bile duct or gallbladder, gallbladder inflammation or inflammation of the pancreas. Gallbladder surgery may be called a cholecystectomy and may result in bile problems or other complications.
A surgeon may perform a laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a tiny video camera that is inserted through a small abdominal incision and tiny instruments that are inserted through other small incisions that remove the gallbladder.
A physician may use an open or traditional surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder by making a six inch incision in the abdomen, pulling back muscles and tissues and removing the gallbladder.
A patient may develop chronic diarrhea after gallbladder removal surgery that may be caused by an increase in bile production and may be treated with anti-diarrheal medications or drugs that reduce absorption of bile acids.
Bile Duct Injury
An injury to a bile duct is the most serious complication of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and may cause leaks, tearing and narrowing of the duct, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. This complication may cause damage to a patient’s liver.
Patients may develop fatigue, vomiting, and pain after gallbladder removal surgery.