According to NC State university, the fringe tree, scientific name Chionanthus virginicus, is a deciduous tree native to North America that is commonly known as old man’s beard.
NC State University reports the fringe tree can grow to between 12 and 20 feet in both height and width with little maintenance required to keep branches under control.
The fringe tree is a slow-growing tree usually growing, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, at a rate of about 6 to 10 inches per year. In fertile, rich, moist soil, the fringe tree can grow about 12 inches per year.
The foliage of the fringe tree starts yellowish-green in the spring before turning dark green in the summer. NC State University reports the 3- to 8-inch leaves of the tree turn brown in the fall.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports the fringe tree flowers in late spring with small white flowers. The fruits of the fringe tree are a purple-blue that attract birds to the tree.
The bark of the fringe tree is brittle and easily damaged, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Fungi can be a problem, causing leaf spots and powdery mildew. When planted in full sun, the fringe tree can be infested by mites.
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images