What Are the Causes of Numbness & Pain in Hands & Fingers?

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Numbness is a condition characterized by the lack of normal sensation in a given area of the body. Sensation loss and accompanying pain in the hands and fingers have a number of potential underlying causes.

Numbness may have a number of causes.
Numbness may have a number of causes.

The Facts

In addition to sharp pain, numbness in the hands or fingers can be accompanied by burning, weakness or tingling, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Numbness may be accompanied by tingling in the fingers.
Numbness may be accompanied by tingling in the fingers.

Causes

The Mayo Clinic cites potential underlying causes of numbness and pain in the hands and fingers that include type 2 diabetes, carpal tunnel syndrome, alcoholism, spinal cord injury, ulnar nerve compression, amyloidosis and Lyme disease.

Alcoholism may be a cause of numbness and pain in the hands and fingers.
Alcoholism may be a cause of numbness and pain in the hands and fingers.

Additional Causes

Additional potential underlying causes include Guillain-Barre syndrome, stroke, syphilis, peripheral neuropathy, chemotherapy side effects, Raynaud’s disease, vasculitis, cervical spine narrowing (spondylosis) and vitamin B12 deficiency, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Supplement with vitamin B12.
Supplement with vitamin B12.

Nerve Trauma

The U.S. National Library of Medicine notes that traumatic injuries of the cervical (neck) spine can result in nerve damage that triggers numbness in the hand or arm.

Spinal injury can trigger numbness.
Spinal injury can trigger numbness.

Considerations

The Mayo Clinic notes that individuals with hand or finger numbness should seek medical attention if numbness extends to the entire arm, starts suddenly or occurs simultaneously with paralysis, weakness, dizziness, confusion, rapid onset of severe headache or speech difficulties.

You may need to seek medical attention.
You may need to seek medical attention.

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