What Is a Tiger's Natural Habitat?

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The 20th century saw the extinction of three species of tigers. Five species remain and of those, the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History estimates that, as of 2009, around 6,000 tigers remained in the wild. Without conservation efforts, the tiger may one day be seen only in zoos.

resting tiger in natural habitat
resting tiger in natural habitat (Image: Ingram Publishing/Ingram Publishing/Getty Images)

Features

Tigers live in a number of habitats, including mountains, rain forests and deciduous forests. Tigers gravitate toward forests because of the water source, cover and the ample supply of animals such as deer on which to prey.

tiger on mountain cliff
tiger on mountain cliff (Image: Suzan Charnock/iStock/Getty Images)

Geography

The vast majority of wild tigers live on the continent of Asia. As of 2009, most wild tigers were in India.

tiger running in sand
tiger running in sand (Image: Image Source Pink/Image Source/Getty Images)

Resources

Tigers in the wild require a close water source as well as prey, room to hunt and shelter from weather elements.

tiger lapping up water
tiger lapping up water (Image: Bill Kennedy/iStock/Getty Images)

Diet

Tigers are carnivores, or meat eaters. They will go where the food source is, surviving on the meat of deer, pigs and other forest-dwelling creatures.

tiger chewing on meat
tiger chewing on meat (Image: Redmich/iStock/Getty Images)

Fun Fact

The last Sunday in September has been declared “Tiger Day.” The aim of Tiger Day is to raise awareness of the decreasing tiger population and to inspire the kind of changes that would protect tiger habitats.

close up of tiger
close up of tiger (Image: Fuse/Fuse/Getty Images)

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