Screws are cylinders with inclined planes wrapped around them. They are used to fasten objects and to raise weights. They are also considered a transfer device for motion and force. Wood screws follow the same principle as any other screw and the first wood screws were used in Europe in the 18th century.
Early Wood Screws
Metal screws were used in 15th century Europe and wood screws were produced in a small cottage industry by the 18th century. The screws were made by hand from people's homes and shops that were situated around manufacturing districts.
Job and William Wyatt held the first patent for the industrial manufacturing of screws. Their patent outlined the process for creating screws with the help of a lathe and metal cutting tools.
Wood screws didn't undergo any major transformations until the mid-19th century when machines were used to finish the head of screws. This took away the hand finished appearance of the bolt.
George Nettlefield produced the first pointed screws in England and with the new changes to the tip it initiated the use of the screw for widespread joinery.
Modern use for the wood screw is for furniture, home interior decorating and special projects involving wooden material.
- The Parts of a Wood Screw
- Surgical Plates & Screws History
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