Normal Infant Blood Glucose Level

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Infants need a normal blood glucose level to survive and thrive.
Infants need a normal blood glucose level to survive and thrive. (Image: Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of D. Sharon Pruitt)

To be healthy, an infant must have a normal blood glucose level. A blood glucose level that is too high or too low is treatable to bring it back to normal.

Importance

Blood glucose is a measurement of the sugar glucose in the blood. Everyone, including infants, needs the right amount of blood glucose to provide energy and to keep the body functioning properly.

Normal level

The normal blood glucose level in full-term babies is 40 mg/dL to 150 mg/dL. In premature infants, it is 30 mg/dL to 150 mg/dL.

Blood glucose may be tested in newborns and in babies with health problems.
Blood glucose may be tested in newborns and in babies with health problems. (Image: Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of foundphotoslj)

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a blood glucose level lower than the normal range. Hypoglycemia in infants may be transient (short-term) or persistent (long-term).

Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia is a blood glucose level higher than the normal range. This condition is sometimes caused by certain rare disorders, but it is usually a temporary problem resulting from too much glucose in the IV line of low-birth-weight infants.

Management

An abnormal infant blood glucose level is usually brought back to normal with treatment. For hypoglycemia, infants may receive tube feeding or glucose via an IV; for hyperglycemia not caused by too much IV glucose, they may receive fast-acting insulin.

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