Metal Stud Construction Basics


Metal stud construction is normally found in commercial buildings. Homeowners have found increased value in metal stud construction as of late, with increased popularity in Southern states. Metal stud construction for single-family homes is on the rise.

Sizes and Lengths

  • A standard metal stud will come in pre-cut sizes of 6 feet, 8 feet, 10 feet, 12 feet and 14 feet. Its thickness is referred to as the "gauge" and comes in 10-, 12-, 14-, 16-, 18-, and 20-gauge. The higher the gauge, less dense the material.

Screws Only

  • No nails are used in metal stud construction. All studs are fastened together by screws.


  • Metal studs are good for people who often measure wrong as they can be unscrewed and moved easily without losing their strength. They fasten easily to each other and do not warp like wood.

Disadvantages of Metal Studs

  • When using metal studs, electrical boxes cost more, they require special shielded BX cabling due to sharp edges and additional backing material for hanging of heavy fixtures and mirrors. They also transfer cold from outside walls into the home.

Environmentally Friendly

  • Using metal studs means fewer trees are cut down. They are also recyclable.

Other Facts

  • Metal studs require less room, allowing more room for insulation. In wet or damp conditions, they are preferred over wood studs.

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