Electrolytes are chemical substances that maintain fluid balance in people's cells and are essential for muscle function, blood pressure regulation and other bodily processes. People lose electrolytes through perspiration, and drinking certain beverages can help to replenish them.
Electrolytes include potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium and chloride. During strenuous activity, drinking large quantities of plain water without replacing electrolytes can cause serious health problems.
In 1965, four doctors at the University of Florida developed a beverage to solve the dehydration issues experienced by the school's Gators football team. This beverage would become the drink we now know as Gatorade.
Gatorade contains mostly water, along with sodium, potassium, chloride and flavorings. The beverage rapidly replenishes electrolytes, which is the reason it's commonly used by professional and college athletic teams.
Gatorade also can benefit people working in hot conditions, and those who have become dehydrated because of an illness. It can even help individuals with hangovers.
Robert Cade, one of the physicians who developed the product, said he never imagined the general public would take such a liking to Gatorade. The Wall Street Journal reported in 2005 that Gatorade royalties paid to the University of Florida have totaled over $90 million.
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images
Gatorade Nutrition Facts
Gatorade is one of the most popular sports drinks on the market, and it has an actual performance purpose. Understanding the nutritional...
Is Gatorade Good for Plants?
The slogan the Gatorade Company uses to advertise its product -- "Is it in you?" -- relates to the product's ability to...
How to Replenish Electrolytes During Illness
Being sick is enough to make a person feel awful and function at half speed. It's important to rest and take care...
How to Replace Lost Electrolytes
Electrolytes are essential elements found in the foods we eat. When you work out or get sick, you lose electrolytes faster than...
Electrolyte Drinks Benefits
Electrolytes are chemicals that maintain fluid balance in cells, and are necessary for muscle function, blood pressure control, and other processes. People...
Uses for Gatorade
Gatorade replenishes the body with carbohydrates, salts, vitamins and minerals. Athletes generally drink Gatorade to quench thirst and restore electrolytes during and...
Sources of Electrolytes
Electrolytes are necessary for your body to function properly. They are minerals that carry an electrical charge. They are constantly lost and...