What Is the Prognosis for Melanoma in the Lymph Nodes?

Save

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Tumor thickness, as well as the involvement of the lymph nodes, often indicates the cancer's stage, as well as to the long term prognosis.

Melanoma

  • Melanoma begins in the cells of your skin which produces your skin's color (pigment). Although melanoma is typically a serious form of skin cancer, it can also begin in your eyes or internal organs.

Staging

  • The spread of the melanoma to the lymph nodes, and the thickness and depth of the tumor, are criteria used to determine the melanoma stage (I-IV). Stages I to III hold the best prognosis, while stages IV and V have the greatest chance for recurrence and an unfavorable outcome.

Sentinel Node

  • Melanomas can spread and invade the lymph nodes. The first node(s) that it reaches is called the sentinel node. UCLA researchers have determined that cancer cells which invade the sentinel node can effectively disable the immune capabilities of the lymph node, allowing the cancer to more easily spread throughout the body.

Treatment with lymph node involvement

  • In years past, physicians removed all lymph nodes located near the primary tumor. However, due to the serious side effects from widespread lymph node removal, doctors have revised this protocol to include removal of just the sentinel node.

Prognosis

  • Your prognosis for survival becomes much higher if your melanoma gets caught early and has not spread to the lymph nodes. The lymph system provides a widespread channel for the cancer cells to distribute throughout the body, making treatment, and a cure, difficult.

References

  • Photo Credit Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of daniel sandoval
Promoted By Zergnet

Resources

You May Also Like

  • Symptoms of Lymph Node Cancer

    Lymph nodes, small bean-like glands surrounded by tissue, are located throughout the human body along the lymphatic system. When they are functioning...

  • What Is the Prognosis for Lymphoma?

    Lymphoma is a type of cancer that is found in the lymph system. The lymph system is primarily responsible for fighting infections...

  • Melanoma Stage III Prognosis

    Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that can be very dangerous if left untreated. It develops within the skin, and affects...

  • What to Expect With Lung Cancer Stage 3

    Stage 3 lung cancer describes one of the four main stages of the progression of lung cancer. Stage 3 lung cancer is...

  • Lymph Node Cancer Cure Rate

    If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with lymph node cancer, otherwise known as Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease, this...

  • What Is the Prognosis for Stomach Cancer?

    Stomach cancer affects over 20,000 Americans per year, according to the American Cancer Society. Almost half of those diagnosed die from the...

  • How to Detect Lymph Node Cancer

    Lymph nodes are vital parts of a person's body and they are actually used to fight off infections and other problems. When...

Related Searches

Check It Out

This Is the Beauty Routine of a Yelp Sales Manager

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!