Perennial are plants that live for more than two years. They bloom in the spring and summer, then die back during the winter. The following spring they grow back from the root-stock.
There are several types of perennial plants including evergreens, deciduous, monocarpic, woody and herbaceous plants.
Examples of perennial plants include bearded iris, banana, goldenrod, mint, agave, maple tree, pine tree, apple tree, alfalfa and red clover.
Perennial plants have reproductive structures like bulbs, tubers, woody crowns and rhizomes. Plants utilize these structures to grow back each spring.
Perennial plants have long root systems that can help prevent soil erosion and absorb dissolved nitrogen before it reaches groundwater. The root system of perennials mitigates weed growth. This reduces the use of herbicides.
Perennials account for the large majority of plant life in forests and tundras. Most prairies and steppes are overgrown with perennials as well. Perennials are not common in sea water.
- Photo Credit Creatas/Creatas/Getty Images
When to Plant Perennials?
Perennials come in all sizes, shapes and colors and bloom in the spring, summer and fall. Once a perennial is planted, it...
Examples of Grass Plants
When most think of grass they think of lawn sod. However, gardeners should think about the brilliant displays that ornamental grass can...
Examples of Plants With Monocot Seeds
Monocotyledons or monocots are a class of plants comprising of a single cotyledon or seed leaf emerging from the seed upon germination....
Invasive Plants in a Perennial Garden
Learn about invasive plants in a garden of perennial plants and flowers in this gardening video from a year-round garden expert.