Difference Between Active Reserve & Active Duty

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Active duty soldiers make up the core of our flexible Army strength. They are supplemented, as needed, by Reserve and National Guard personnel during specific operations.

U.S. Soldier
(Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of The U.S. Army)

Active duty personnel are classed as being in the Regular Army (RA). They are full-time soldiers, with a commitment of several years (usually four to six on an enlistment), and then Reserve time for a balance of eight years. If qualified, they are encouraged to remain on active duty until regular retirement.

Readying for Deployment
Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of The U.S. Army

Reserve soldiers, on the other hand, normally serve in a unit with a commitment of one weekend per month, and two weeks in the summer. When needed, they are activated to perform an operation on active duty for a specific amount of time. For instance, the National Guard might be activated to help clean up after a major flood.

Training
Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of The U.S. Army

An exception to that rule is the Active Guard Reserve. Soldiers who qualify, and want to work full-time, are activated to work for the Army side by side with RA soldiers for up to 20 years. At that time, they are qualified for regular retirement.

On Patrol
Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of The U.S. Army

When needed, Reserve soldiers are activated for deployment to augment our RA forces in various parts of the world. Each day served on active duty counts toward eventual retirement.

Movement to a Briefing
Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Ken Bosma

While regular Army soldiers retire based on a minimum of 20 years of active duty service, Reserve soldiers qualify based on a system of points (normally a maximum of 75 per year), and age. When they accumulate 20 good years, they qualify for retirement at a pro-rated value as of their 60th birthday.

Making Friends in Foreign Places
Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of The U.S. Army

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