Glucose Anabolism Defined


Glucose anabolism is a process by which levels of glucose, a simple sugar, are built up or increased in the body.


  • "Glucose" originates from the Greek word "gleukos," which means "sweetness." The word anabolic comes from the Greek word "anabole," defined as "that which is thrown up." The prefix "ana" means "up or upward."


  • One of three actions involved in glucose anabolism is gluconeogenesis, where glucose is built from proteins and fats.


  • Another part of anabolism of glucose is glycogenesis, where glucose is gathered for storage as glycogen.


  • A third process of glucose anabolism is glycogenolysis, where glycogen is broken down to release glucose.


  • Glucose anabolism is part of the overall metabolism process that causes growth and supplies a sugar that is the primary source of energy for humans and animals.

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