Types of Reinforced Concrete Foundations


Concrete foundations are reinforced through T-shaped structures, graded edges and insulation. Every structure will be different, and the best foundation for the structure depends on its location, climate and size.


  • Reinforced concrete foundations are often constructed from individual concrete blocks, which are similar in shape to bricks. Cement block walls are generally weaker than poured-concrete walls because they are hollow. This means that block walls are probably a bad choice for larger houses or structures.

Poured Concrete

  • If the concrete foundation is not built of individual blocks, it is made of concrete, poured in one or more sessions on or off-site. The three types of poured concrete foundations are slab-on-grade, T-shaped and frost-protected.


  • A slab-on-grade foundation gets its structural reinforcement from its graded edges. The concrete is poured thicker on the edges and thinner in the center, weighing and balancing the foundation so it stays in place. Because this type of foundation does not penetrate the frost line in the ground, it is not ideal for colder regions.


  • A frost-protected foundation is structurally similar to a slab-on-grade. The main difference is that frost-protected foundations have layers of insulation that protect them from frost damage by trapping heat. These layers only function, however, if the house or structure is heated.


  • T-shaped structures are the alternative to the slab-on-grade style. They are made of one even slab of concrete, supported by feet that go farther beneath the ground. These feet penetrate the frost layer, preventing structural shifting during frosts.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Procsilas Moscas
Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • Types of Concrete Slab Designs

    Concrete slabs are common in building construction. Used for foundations, porches, decks, patios, and driveways, concrete slabs comprise several variations with four...

  • How to Measure a Concrete Pouring Foundation

    Concrete is a common foundation material for many homes, sheds and other buildings. Large concrete foundations typically require the use of a...

  • How to Calculate Reinforced Concrete

    Estimating reinforced concrete requires accurate measurements, records and calculations, which can save you money when the installation process begins. The average do-it-yourselfer...

  • Types of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

    Fiber-reinforced concrete is concrete that uses other materials mixed in with the still liquid cement to reinforce the concrete structure. These fibers...

  • Types of Foundation Slabs

    The foundation is the base of a structure and transfers loads from the roof to the ground. Monolithic concrete slabs, slabs that...

  • Different Types of Concrete Block

    Blockmasons and concrete workers use specially formed concrete blocks to create structural walls, retaining walls and concrete-block columns. Using the right block...

  • Minimum Cover Requirements for Reinforced Concrete Pipe

    Reinforced concrete pipe is a strong pipe with the ability to resist most any loads. It is used for culverts, storm drains...

  • Types of Concrete Footing Foundations

    A footing is the bottom-most portion of a building's foundation. It makes contact with the soil below and distributes the building's weight...

Related Searches

Check It Out

22 DIY Ways to Update Your Home on a Small Budget

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!