Bunions Vs. Arthritis

Both bunions and arthritis can cause toe deformity.
Both bunions and arthritis can cause toe deformity. (Image: Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Steven Depolo)

Bunions and arthritis are sometimes confused as interchangeable. However, they are not the same and patients should take note of the facts if they suspect they may have one of these conditions.

What Are Bunions?

FootPhysicians.com reports that bunions are also called hallux valgus. The condition causes the big toe on the food to lean toward the second toe, instead of pointing straight. This happens as a result of a change in the frame of the bone.

What Is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a disease that causes the joints of the body to deteriorate, causing pain and reduced range of motion.

Different Kinds of Arthritis

While there is only one kind of bunion, Arthritis.org says there are several kinds of arthritis. In osteoarthritis, joint damage is caused by repetitive use over time or by overuse; rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks and destroys the joints.

Common Factors

Both bunions and arthritis cause pain and deformity to the toe. Both diseases are incurable, but both are treatable.


Treatment for bunions include changes in footwear, cushioning around the toe, pain control medications and, in extreme cases, surgery. Arthritis treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis but may include pain control medication.

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