Gout in Children

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Gout is a painful condition that appears suddenly without warning and can affect children in their feet, wrists or other joints of their bodies. Gout is appearing in increasing numbers among children.

About

  • Gout is the inflammation of a joint. Although normally considered a condition that affects adults, there are children who suffer from gout.

Genetics

  • Genetics is a major contributing factor in children with gout, as children with a family history of kidney function problems are more likely to have problems with gout.

Causes

  • Gout is caused by an abnormal accumulation of uric acid that then forms urate crystals within a joint or tissue. In children, this can be caused by poor diet that includes large amounts of sugar, lack of exercise and hydration habits.

Symptoms

  • The symptoms of gout appear suddenly and include redness or pain in the joints. Usually, it is apparent in the big toe, foot, knee or wrist.

Treatments

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and naproxen are effective in relieving pain from gout in children, as long as the dosages given are appropriate for children. A diet that minimizes fructose has also been shown to relieve the symptoms of gout in children.

References

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